Resolution of the CPC Central Committee on the Party's Major achievements and historical experience in its centennial struggle
- Categories:Party-mass construction
- Time of issue:2021-12-02 08:34
Resolution of the CPC Central Committee on the Party's Major achievements and historical experience in its centennial struggle
(Summary description)Since its founding in 1921, the Communist Party of China has always taken as its original mission to seek happiness for the Chinese people and rejuvenation for the Chinese nation. It has always adhered to the Communist ideal and socialist faith, and united and led the people of all ethnic groups in striving for national independence, liberation, prosperity and happiness of the country.
- Categories:Party-mass construction
- Time of issue:2021-12-02 08:34
Since its founding in 1921, the Communist Party of China has always taken as its original mission to seek happiness for the Chinese people and rejuvenation for the Chinese nation. It has always adhered to the Communist ideal and socialist faith, and united and led the people of all ethnic groups in striving for national independence, liberation, prosperity and happiness of the country.
Over the past 100 years, the Party has led the people in bloody and indomitable struggles and made great achievements in the new Democratic revolution. Self-reliance and hard work made great achievements in socialist revolution and construction; Emancipate the mind, forge ahead with determination, and created great achievements in reform and opening up and socialist modernization; Self-confident, self-strengthening, integrity and innovation have created great achievements in socialism with Chinese characteristics for a new era. The hundred-year struggle of the Party and the people has written the most magnificent epic in the thousand-year history of the Chinese nation.
To sum up the Party's achievements and historical experience in its century-old struggle is necessary to embark on a new journey of comprehensively building a modern socialist country and to uphold and develop socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era. It is necessary to strengthen our political awareness, overall picture, core and alignment, strengthen our confidence in our path, theory, system and culture, and firmly safeguard Comrade Xi Jinping's position as the core of the CPC Central Committee and the core of the whole Party, safeguard the authority of the CPC Central Committee and its centralized and unified leadership, and ensure that the whole Party moves forward in uncoordinated steps. It is necessary to advance the Party's self-revolution, improve the whole Party's ability to fight and respond to risks and challenges, preserve the Party's vitality forever, and unite and lead the Chinese people of all ethnic groups in their continued struggle to realize the Chinese Dream of great national renewal. The whole Party must adhere to a materialist view of history and a correct view of Party history. From the perspective of the Party's centenary struggle, we must see clearly why we were successful in the past and how we can continue to be successful in the future, so as to fulfill our founding mission more firmly and consciously, and better uphold and develop socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era.
The Resolutions on Certain Historical Issues adopted at the Seventh Plenary Session of the Sixth CPC Central Committee in 1945 and the Resolutions on Certain Historical Issues of the Party Since the Founding of the People's Republic of China adopted at the Sixth Plenary Session of the Eleventh CPC Central Committee in 1981 summarized the Party's major historical events and important experiences and lessons from facts, and unified the thinking and actions of the whole Party at critical historical moments. It played an important leading role in advancing the cause of the Party and the people, and its basic arguments and conclusions are still applicable today.
1. Securing the great victory of the new-Democratic Revolution
During the New Democratic Revolution, the main task facing the Party is to oppose imperialism, feudalism and bureaucratic capitalism, strive for national independence and the liberation of the people, and create fundamental social conditions for the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.
The Chinese nation is an ancient and great nation in the world. It has created a splendid civilization spanning more than 5,000 years and made indelible contribution to the progress of human civilization. After the Opium War in 1840, due to the invasion of Western powers and the corruption of feudal rule, China gradually became a semi-colonial and semi-feudal society. The country was humiliated, the people were brought to grief, and the Chinese nation suffered unprecedented sufferings. In order to save the nation from extinction, the Chinese people rose up and fought a heroic struggle. The Taiping Heavenly Kingdom Movement, Westernization Movement, Hundred Days' Reform and Boxer Rebellion followed, and various national salvation schemes were introduced one after another, but all ended in failure. The Revolution of 1911 led by Dr. Sun Yat-sen overthrew the autocratic monarchy that had ruled China for thousands of years, but failed to change the nature of China's semi-colonial and semi-feudal society and the miserable fate of the Chinese people. China urgently needs new ideas to lead the national salvation movement and new organizations to gather revolutionary forces.
The explosion of the October Revolution brought Marxism-Leninism to China. The May 4th Movement promoted the spread of Marxism in China. In the great awakening of the Chinese people and the Chinese nation, in the close combination of Marxism-Leninism and the Chinese workers' movement, the Communist Party of China came into being in July 1921. The Communist Party came into being in China, which was an epoch-making event, and the Chinese revolution took on a new look.
The Party is fully aware that the principal contradiction in modern Chinese society is that between imperialism and the Chinese nation, and between feudalism and the people. To realize the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation, we must fight against imperialism and feudalism.
At the beginning of its founding and during the Great Revolution, the Party formulated the program for democratic revolution, launched the workers' movement, the youth movement, the peasant movement and the women's Movement, promoted and helped the reorganization of the Kuomintang and the establishment of the National Revolutionary Army, and led the great national struggle against imperialism and feudalism, bringing about the climax of the Great Revolution. In 1927, the reactionary group in the Kuomintang rebelled against the revolution, brutally massacred the Communists and the revolutionary people. Because the right-leaning thought represented by Chen Duxiu in the Party developed into a right-leaning opportunism mistake and dominated the leading organs of the Party, the Party and the people could not organize effective resistance, resulting in the Great Revolution suffered a heavy defeat under the sudden attack of the powerful enemy.
During the Agrarian Revolutionary War, the Party realized from the cruel reality that without revolutionary arms it could not defeat the armed counter-revolution, could not win the victory of the Chinese revolution, and could not change the destiny of the Chinese people and nation. It was necessary to oppose the armed counter-revolution with armed revolution. The Nanchang Uprising launched the first shot of armed resistance against the Kuomintang reactionaries, marking the beginning of the revolutionary war led by the Communist Party of China, the establishment of the people's army and the armed seizure of political power. The Eighth - Seventh Conference decided on the principle of agrarian revolution and armed uprising. The party leaders held the autumn Harvest uprising, the Guangzhou Uprising and many other regional uprisings, but most of these uprisings failed due to the disparity in strength between the enemy and us. Facts have proved that under the objective conditions at that time, the Chinese Communists could not win the revolution in the whole country by occupying the central cities first like the Russian October Revolution, and the Party urgently needed to find a revolutionary road suitable for China's national conditions.
It is a decisive new starting point of the Chinese revolution to move from attacking big cities to marching into the countryside. The Gutian Conference established the principles of ideological and political party building. With the development of the struggle, the Party established the central revolutionary base areas and the West Hunan and Hubei, Hai and Lufeng, Hubei and Anhui, Qiongya, Fujian, Zhejiang and Jiangxi, Hunan and Hubei and Jiangxi, Zuoyoujiang, Sichuan and Shaanxi, Shaanxi and Gansu, Hunan and Hubei and Guizhou, etc. The Party also developed the Party and other revolutionary organizations in the White areas under the Kuomintang's rule and launched mass revolutionary struggles. However, due to the wrong leadership of Wang Ming's "left" leaning dogmatism in the Party, the fifth counter-encircling and suppression of the central revolutionary base failed, and the Red Army had to carry out a strategic shift, through the arduous Long March to northern Shaanxi. The error of the "left" leaning line caused great losses to the revolutionary base areas and revolutionary forces in the white areas.
It opened a new stage for the Party to solve the practical problems of the Chinese revolution independently, saved the Party, saved the Red Army and saved the Chinese Revolution at the most critical moment, and later enabled the Party to overcome Zhang Guotao's separatism, successfully completed the Long March and opened a new situation for the Chinese revolution. This is a critical turning point in the history of the party.
During the War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression, after the September 18 Incident, the national contradiction between China and Japan gradually surpassed the domestic class contradiction and rose to the main contradiction. At the moment when the Japanese imperialists stepped up their aggression against China and the national crisis was unprecedenously serious, the CPC took the lead in holding high the banner of armed resistance against Japanese aggression, and extensively carried out the anti-Japanese salvation movement, thus contributing to the peaceful settlement of the Xi 'an Incident, which played an important historical role in promoting cooperation between the Kuomintang and the Communist Party and uniting the anti-Japanese. After the July 7 Incident, the Party implemented a correct policy of anti-Japanese national united front, adhered to the line of all-out Anti-Japanese War, proposed and implemented the general strategic policy of protracted war and a set of strategies and tactics for people's war, opened up vast battlefields and anti-Japanese base areas behind enemy lines, led the Eighth Route Army, the New Fourth Army, the Northeast anti-Japanese United Army and other people's anti-Japanese forces in heroic battles, and became the mainstay of the anti-Japanese resistance of the whole nation. Until the final victory of the Chinese people's War of Resistance against Japanese Aggression. This was the first time in modern times that the Chinese people won a complete victory in their struggle for national liberation against foreign invasion. It was also an important part of the victory of the World Anti-Fascist War.
During the War of Liberation, in the face of a full-scale civil war flagrantly launched by the Kuomintang reactionaries, the Party led the army and the people gradually from active defense to strategic attack. It won the three major battles in Liaoshen, Huaihai and Pingtianjin and the Battle of crossing the Yangtze River, marched to the central, northwest and southwest, wiped out the eight million troops of the Kuomintang reactionaries, and overthrew the Kuomintang reactionary government. Overthrowing the three mountains of imperialism, feudalism and bureaucratic capitalism. With the support of the people, the people's army under the leadership of the Party fought with indomitable heroism against the heinous enemy and made historical contributions to the victory of the new Democratic Revolution.
It pointed out the right direction for the victory of the new democratic revolution.
During the revolutionary struggle, the Party carried forward the great spirit of building the Party by upholding truth and ideals, living up to its original aspiration, undertaking its mission, fearing no sacrifice, fighting bravely, being loyal to the Party and living up to the people. It carried out and advanced the great project of building the Party, put forward the principle of building the Party ideologically, and adhered to democratic centralism. We should adhere to the three fine styles of combining theory with practice, keeping close ties with the people, and criticizing and self-criticizing, form the united front, armed struggle and the three magic weapons for Party building, and strive to build a Marxist political party that is nationwide, popular among the masses and fully consolidated ideologically, politically and organizationally. The Party began to carry out rectification throughout the Party in 1942, and this Marxist ideological education campaign has achieved great results. The Party formulated the Resolution on Certain Historical Questions, which enabled the whole Party to reach a consensus on the basic issues of the Chinese Revolution. The Party's Seventh Congress formulated the correct line, principles and policies for the establishment of a new democratic China, and made the whole Party achieve unprecedented ideological, political and organizational unity and unity.
After 28 years of bloody struggle, the Party, under the leadership of the people and with the active cooperation of all democratic parties and democratic figures without Party affiliation, proclaimed the founding of the People's Republic of China on October 1, 1949. It achieved national independence and liberation of the people and put an end to the history of semi-colonial and semi-feudal society in old China and the history of a very few exploiters dominating the working people. It put an end to the disorganized situation in old China, abolished the unequal treaties imposed on China by the great powers and abolished all imperialist privileges in China, and realized China's great leap from thousands of years of feudal autocracy to people's democracy. It also greatly changed the world political pattern and encouraged the oppressed nations and peoples of the world in their struggle for liberation.
Practice has fully demonstrated that history and the people have chosen the CPC, and that without its leadership, national independence and people's liberation could not have been achieved. The Communist Party of China and the Chinese people have solemnly declared to the world with their brave and indomitable struggles that the Chinese people have since stood up, that the era when the Chinese nation was trampled and bullied by others is over forever, and that a new era has opened in China's development.
2. Completing the Socialist Revolution and promoting socialist construction
During the period of socialist revolution and construction, the main task facing the Party is to realize the transformation from new democracy to socialism, carry out socialist revolution and promote socialist construction, so as to lay the fundamental political prerequisite and institutional foundation for realizing the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.
After the founding of New China, the Party led the people in overcoming a series of severe political, economic, and military challenges, purging the remnants of the Kuomintang reactionary armed forces and bandits, peacefully liberating Tibet, and achieving the complete reunification of the mainland. We will stabilize prices, unify financial and economic work, complete land reform, carry out democratic reforms in all aspects of society, practice equal rights for men and women, suppress counter-revolutions, and carry out the "Three" and "Five" movements, so as to clean up the sludge left by the old society and take on a new look. The Chinese people's volunteers valiantly crossed the Yalu River, fought side by side with the Korean people and army, defeated the strong enemy armed to the teeth, played a national power and military power, played the spirit of the Chinese people, won the great victory of the war against the United States, defended the security of the new China, highlighting the status of the new China as a major country. The new China has gained a firm foothold in a complex domestic and international environment.
The Party's leadership in establishing and consolidating the state power of the people's democratic dictatorship led by the working class and based on the alliance of workers and peasants created conditions for the rapid development of the country. In 1949, the first plenary session of the CPPCC formulated the Common Program of the CPPCC. In 1953, the Party formally put forward the general line for the transitional period, that is, to gradually realize the socialist industrialization of the country and gradually realize the socialist transformation of agriculture, handicrafts and capitalist industry and commerce. In 1954, the First session of the First National People's Congress was held, and the Constitution of the People's Republic of China was adopted. In 1956, China basically completed the socialist transformation of private ownership of the means of production, basically realized public ownership of the means of production and distribution according to work, and established the socialist economic system. The Party leadership established the system of people's congresses, the system of multi-party cooperation and political consultation under the leadership of the CPC, and the system of regional ethnic autonomy, providing institutional guarantees for the people to be masters of the country. The Party's leadership has achieved and consolidated the great unity of the people of all ethnic groups in China, formed and developed socialist ethnic relations featuring equality and mutual assistance among all ethnic groups, achieved and consolidated the great unity of the country's workers, farmers, intellectuals and people of all other strata, and strengthened and expanded a broad united front. The establishment of socialist system lays an important foundation for all the progress and development in our country.
Based on the situation after China's socialist transformation was basically completed, the Eighth Party of the CPC pointed out that the principal contradiction in China was no longer between the working class and the bourgeoisie, but between the people's needs for rapid economic and cultural development and the current situation in which economic and cultural development could not meet the people's needs. The main task of the people throughout the country was to concentrate on developing the social productive forces and realizing national industrialization. Gradually meet the growing material and cultural needs of the people. The Party proposes to strive to build China gradually into a great socialist country with modern agriculture, modern industry, modern national defense and modern science and technology, and to lead the people in carrying out all-round and large-scale socialist construction. After implementing several five-year plans, our country has established an independent and relatively complete industrial system and national economic system, agricultural production conditions have changed significantly, and education, science, culture, health and sports have developed greatly. Breakthroughs have been made in cutting-edge defense technologies such as "two bombs and one star", and the defense industry has grown from scratch. The expansion and improvement of the PLA from a single land force into a composite force that includes the navy, air force and other technical arms has provided a strong backing for consolidating the new people's power, establishing China as a major country, and safeguarding the dignity of the Chinese nation.
The Party adheres to an independent foreign policy of peace, advocates and upholds the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence, firmly upholds national independence, sovereignty and dignity, supports and assists the cause of liberation of the world's oppressed nations, the cause of building newly independent countries and the just struggle of people of all countries, opposes imperialism, hegemonism, colonialism and racism, and completely put an end to the humiliating diplomacy of old China. The Party considers the situation and adjusts its diplomatic strategy, promotes the restoration of all China's lawful rights at the United Nations, opens up new prospects for China's external work, and promotes the formation of a pattern in which the international community adheres to the One-China principle. The Party put forward the strategy of dividing three Worlds and made a solemn commitment that China would never seek hegemony, which won respect and praise from the international community, especially developing countries.
As early as at the Second Plenary Session of the Seventh CPC Central Committee held on the eve of the national victory in the War of Liberation, the Party had put forward to the whole Party that it must continue to be modest, prudent, not arrogant, not impetuous, and must continue to maintain the style of hard work. After the founding of the People's Republic of China, the Party focused on the major topics of Party building under the conditions of governance, and strengthened Party building and leadership from the perspective of ideology, organization, work style. The Party has strengthened theoretical study and knowledge training of its officials to raise the level of Party leadership, requiring all Party members, especially senior Party officials, to be more conscious of safeguarding Party solidarity and unity. The Party conducts rectification and rectification of the Party, strengthens intra-Party education, reorganizes primary-level Party organizations, raises the qualifications for membership, and opposes bureaucracy, dictatism, corruption and waste. The Party is on high alert to prevent corruption and degeneration of Party officials, and resolutely punishes corruption. These important measures have enhanced the purity of the Party and the unity of the whole Party, strengthened the ties between the Party and the people, and accumulated preliminary experience in building the ruling party.
Strictly distinguish and correctly handle the contradictions between the enemy and ourselves and the contradictions among the people, correctly handle the ten big relations of our socialist construction, walk out of an industrial road suited to our national conditions, respect the law of values, implement the policy of "long-term coexistence and mutual supervision" in the relations between the Party and the democratic parties, implement the policy of "let a hundred flowers blossom, a hundred schools of thought contend" in scientific and cultural work. These original theoretical achievements are still of great guiding significance.
Mao Zedong Thought is the creative application and development of Marxism-Leninism in China. It is the correct theoretical principle and experience summary of Chinese revolution and construction that has been proved by practice. It is the first historical leap in the sinicization of Marxism. The living soul of Mao Zedong Thought is the standpoint, viewpoint and method that run through all components, which are embodied in three basic aspects: seeking truth from facts, mass line and independence, and provide scientific guidance for the development of the Party and the people's cause.
Unfortunately, the correct line formed at the Eighth National Congress of the Communist Party of China has not been fully adhered to. There have been mistakes such as the "Great Leap Forward" movement and the people's commune movement, and the anti-rightist struggle has also been seriously expanded. In the face of the severe and complex external environment at that time, the Party paid great attention to the consolidation of the socialist regime and made various efforts to this end. However, Comrade Mao Zedong's mistakes in the theory and practice of class struggle in socialist society have become more and more serious, and the Party Central Committee has failed to correct these mistakes in time. Comrade Mao Zedong made a completely wrong estimate of the class situation and the political situation of the Party and the country at that time, and launched and led the "Cultural Revolution". The two counter-revolutionary groups, Lin Biao and Jiang Qing, took advantage of Comrade Mao Zedong's mistakes to carry out a large number of criminal activities that were disastrous to the country and the people, resulting in ten years of civil strife, causing the Party, the country and the people to suffer the most serious setbacks and losses since the founding of the People's Republic of China, and the lessons were extremely painful. In October 1976, the Political Bureau of the Central Committee carried out the will of the Party and the people, resolutely crushed the Gang of Four and ended the disaster of the "Cultural Revolution".
From the founding of the People's Republic of China to the eve of reform and opening up, the Party led the people to complete the socialist revolution, eliminate all exploitation systems, realize the most extensive and profound social transformation in the history of the Chinese nation, and realize the great leap forward of the impoverished and populous oriental power into a socialist society. In the process of exploration, although it has experienced serious twists and turns, the Party's original theoretical achievements and great achievements in the socialist revolution and construction have provided valuable experience, theoretical preparation and material basis for creating socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new historical period.
The CPC and the Chinese people solemnly declared to the world with their brave and tenacious struggle that the Chinese people are not only good at destroying the old world, but also good at building a new world. Only socialism can save China and only socialism can develop China.
3、 Carry out reform, opening up and socialist modernization
In the new era of reform and opening up and socialist modernization, the main task facing the Party is to continue to explore the correct path of building socialism in China, liberate and develop social productive forces, enable the people to get rid of poverty and become rich as soon as possible, and provide new energetic institutional guarantees and material conditions for rapid development to realize the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.
After the end of the "Cultural Revolution", at a major historical juncture where the Party and the country are going, the Party has deeply realized that only reform and opening up is the only way out, otherwise our cause of modernization and socialism will be destroyed. In December 1978, the Party held the Third Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee, decisively ending "taking class struggle as the key link", realizing the strategic shift of the work center of the Party and the state, opening up a new era of reform and opening up and socialist modernization, and realizing the great turning point in the history of the Party since the founding of the People's Republic of China. The Party made a major decision to completely deny the "Cultural Revolution". For more than 40 years, the Party has unswervingly adhered to the lines, principles and policies established at this plenary session.
After the Third Plenary Session of the 11th CPC Central Committee, the CPC, with Comrade Deng Xiaoping as the main representative, united and led the whole party and the people of all ethnic groups, profoundly summarized the positive and negative experience since the founding of New China, centered on the fundamental question of what socialism is and how to build socialism, and learned from the historical experience of world socialism, created Deng Xiaoping Theory, emancipated the mind, and sought truth from facts, We made a historic decision to shift the work center of the Party and the state to economic construction and implement reform and opening up, profoundly revealed the essence of socialism, established the basic line of the primary stage of socialism, clearly proposed to take our own path and build socialism with Chinese characteristics, scientifically answered a series of basic questions about building socialism with Chinese characteristics, and formulated a three-step approach to the middle of the 21st century The development strategy of basically realizing socialist modernization has successfully created socialism with Chinese characteristics.
After the Fourth Plenary Session of the 13th CPC Central Committee, the CPC, with Comrade Jiang Zemin as the main representative, united and led the whole party and the people of all ethnic groups, adhered to the Party's basic theory and line, deepened the understanding of what socialism is, how to build socialism, what kind of party to build, and how to build the party, and formed the important thought of "Three Represents". The situation at home and abroad is very complex In the face of the severe and tortuous test of world socialism, it has defended socialism with Chinese characteristics, established the reform objectives and basic framework of the socialist market economic system, established the basic economic system with public ownership as the main body and multiple ownership economies developing together in the primary stage of socialism, and the distribution system with distribution according to work as the main body and multiple distribution modes coexisting, and created a new situation of comprehensive reform and opening up, Promote the new great project of Party building and successfully push socialism with Chinese characteristics into the 21st century.
After the 16th CPC National Congress, the CPC, with Comrade Hu Jintao as the main representative, united and led the whole party and the people of all ethnic groups in promoting practical innovation, theoretical innovation and institutional innovation in the process of building a moderately prosperous society in an all-round way, deeply understood and answered major questions such as what kind of development to achieve under the new situation and how to develop, formed a scientific outlook on development, seized an important strategic opportunity period, and concentrated on construction, Focusing on development, we stressed that we should adhere to people-oriented, comprehensive, coordinated and sustainable development, strive to safeguard and improve people's livelihood, promote social fairness and justice, promote the Party's governance capacity and progressiveness, and successfully adhere to and develop socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new situation.
In order to promote reform and opening up, the Party has re-established the ideological, political and organizational lines of Marxism, completely denied the wrong policy of "two whatevers", and correctly evaluated Comrade Mao Zedong's historical status and the scientific system of Mao Zedong Thought. The Party has made it clear that the main contradiction in our society is the contradiction between the people's growing material and cultural needs and the backward social production. To solve this main contradiction is our central task and put forward the goal of a well-off society. The Party has recovered and formulated a series of correct policies in all aspects of work to adjust the national economy. The leadership of the Party has carried out a comprehensive effort to set things right in the ideological, political, organizational and other fields, and has dealt with injustice, falsehood and wrong cases on a large scale and adjusted social relations. The Party has formulated the Resolution on Several Historical Issues of the Party since the founding of the People's Republic of China, which marks the successful completion of the Party's guiding ideology in setting things right.
The Party is deeply aware that to create a new situation in reform and opening up and socialist modernization, we must lead the cause development with theoretical innovation. Comrade Deng Xiaoping pointed out that if a party, a country or a nation starts from its roots, its ideology is rigid and superstition prevails, it cannot move forward, its vitality will stop, and the party and country will perish. The Party led and supported the grand discussion on the standard of truth, adhered to and developed Marxism from the perspective of new practice and the characteristics of the times, scientifically answered a series of basic questions about the development path, stage, fundamental task, driving force, development strategy, political guarantee, reunification of the motherland, diplomatic and international strategy, leadership and reliance on strength, and formed a theoretical system of socialism with Chinese characteristics, It has achieved a new leap in the sinicization of Marxism.
At the 12th, 13th, 14th, 15th, 16th and 17th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, in accordance with the development and changes of the international and domestic situation, starting from the new requirements of China's development, we made a comprehensive plan to promote reform and opening up and socialist modernization, and held several special plenary sessions of the Central Committee to study and deploy the major work of reform, development and stability. China's reform has taken the lead in breaking through the implementation of the household contract responsibility system in rural areas, and gradually shifted to the reform of the urban economic system and carried out in an all-round way. The reform direction of the socialist market economy has been established, the fundamental role of the market in the allocation of resources has been brought into play to a greater extent and in a wider range, and the basic economic system and distribution system have been adhered to and improved. The Party firmly promotes the reform of the economic system, carries out the reform of the political, cultural, social and other fields at the same time, promotes the reform of the Party's construction system, and constantly forms and develops a vibrant system and mechanism that is in line with contemporary China's national conditions. The Party has established the opening up as the basic national policy, from the establishment of special economic zones such as Shenzhen, the development and opening up of Pudong, the promotion of the opening up of coastal, riverside and inland central cities, to the accession to the World Trade Organization, from "bringing in" to "going out", and making full use of both international and domestic markets and resources. Through the continuous promotion of reform and opening up, China has achieved a historic transformation from a highly centralized planned economic system to a vibrant socialist market economic system, and from closed and semi-closed to all-round opening.
In order to accelerate socialist modernization, the Party has led the people in economic, political, cultural and social construction, and has achieved a series of major achievements. The Party insists on taking economic construction as the center and development as the absolute principle, puts forward that science and technology is the first productive force, implements major strategies such as rejuvenating the country through science and education, sustainable development, and strengthening the country through talent, promotes the development of the west, revitalizes old industrial bases such as the northeast, promotes the rise of the central region, supports the eastern region to take the lead in development, promotes the coordinated development of urban and rural areas and regions, and advances the reform and development of state-owned enterprises, We should encourage and support the development of the non-public sector of the economy, accelerate the transformation of the economic development mode, strengthen the protection of the ecological environment, promote the sustained and rapid economic development, and significantly improve the overall national strength. The Party adheres to the organic unity of the Party's leadership, the people's ownership of the country and the rule of law, develops socialist democracy, builds socialist political civilization, actively and steadily advances the reform of the political system, adheres to the combination of the rule of law and the rule of virtue, formulates a new constitution, builds a socialist country ruled by law, forms a socialist legal system with Chinese characteristics, respects and protects human rights, and consolidates and develops the broadest patriotic united front. The Party should strengthen the education of ideals and beliefs, promote the construction of the socialist core value system, build socialist spiritual civilization, develop advanced socialist culture, and promote the great development and prosperity of socialist culture. The Party has accelerated social construction focusing on improving people's livelihood, improved people's lives, abolished agricultural taxes, and continuously promoted education, employment, medical care, care for the elderly, and housing to promote social harmony and stability. The Party has put forward the general goal of building a strong modern and regularized revolutionary army, put the basic point of military struggle preparation on winning the local war under the conditions of information technology, promote the military reform with Chinese characteristics, and take the road of elite troops with Chinese characteristics.
In the face of the changing international situation, the Party unswervingly adheres to the four basic principles, resolutely eliminates all kinds of interference, and calmly responds to a series of risk tests that affect the overall situation of China's reform, development and stability. In the late 1980s and early 1990s, the Soviet Union disintegrated and Eastern Europe underwent drastic changes. Due to the support and instigation of the hostile forces against communism and socialism in the world, the international climate and domestic microclimate led to a serious political turmoil in China at the turn of the spring and summer of 1989. Relying on the people, the Party and the government have taken a clear stand against unrest, safeguarded the political power of the socialist country and safeguarded the fundamental interests of the people. The Party led the people to successfully cope with economic risks such as the Asian financial crisis and the international financial crisis, successfully held the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games and the Paralympic Games, overcame natural disasters such as severe floods in the Yangtze River and Nenjiang River, the Songhua River basin, and the Wenchuan earthquake, and overcame the SARS epidemic, demonstrating the Party's ability to resist risks and control complex situations.
The Party has made unremitting efforts to accomplish the great cause of reunification of the motherland as a historical task. Comrade Deng Xiaoping creatively put forward the scientific concept of "one country, two systems" and opened up a new way to achieve the reunification of the motherland in a peaceful way. After arduous work and struggle, the Chinese government has successively resumed the exercise of sovereignty over Hong Kong and Macao, washing away the century-old humiliation of the Chinese nation. After the return of Hong Kong and Macao to the motherland, the central government acted in strict accordance with the Constitution and the Basic Law of the Special Administrative Region to maintain the long-term prosperity and stability of Hong Kong and Macao. The Party should grasp the overall situation of resolving the Taiwan issue, establish the basic policy of "peaceful reunification, one country, two systems", promote the two sides on both sides of the Straits to reach the "1992 Consensus" reflecting the one-China principle, promote cross-Straits consultation and negotiation, achieve comprehensive, direct and two-way "three links", and open cross-Straits political party exchanges.
The Party scientifically judges the characteristics of the times and the international situation, and puts forward that peace and development are the theme of the current era. The Party adheres to the foreign policy purpose of safeguarding world peace and promoting common development, adjusts relations with major powers, develops good-neighborly and friendly relations with neighboring countries, deepens friendly cooperation with developing countries, actively participates in international and regional affairs, and establishes a new pattern of all-round and multi-level foreign relations. The Party actively promotes world multipolarization and democratization of international relations, promotes economic globalization in the direction of common prosperity, takes a clear stand against hegemonism and power politics, firmly upholds the interests of developing countries, promotes the establishment of a fair and reasonable new international political and economic order, and promotes lasting peace and common prosperity in the world.
The Party has always stressed that governing the country must first govern the Party, and that governing the Party must be strict. We should concentrate on the Party's construction, and create and promote a new great project for the Party's construction. The Party formulates several guidelines on the political life within the Party, improves democratic centralism, develops inner-party democracy, and realizes the normalization of inner-party political life; We should carry out Party consolidation in a planned and step-by-step manner, and strive to solve the problems of impure thinking, style of work and organization within the Party; We should strengthen the construction of the cadre team in accordance with the principles of revolution, youth, knowledge and specialization, vigorously select young and middle-aged cadres, and promote the replacement of the new and old cadres. Focusing on solving the two historic issues of improving the Party's leadership and governance level, and improving its ability to resist corruption and change and resist risks, the Party has taken the construction of governance ability and progressiveness nature as the main line, and has successively made decisions on major issues such as strengthening the Party's ties with the people, strengthening and improving the Party's style of work, and strengthening the Party's governance ability. It has organized and carried out education on "learning, politics, and integrity" Concentrated learning and education activities such as "Three Represents" important thought learning and education activities, education activities to maintain the advanced nature of Communist Party members, learning and practicing the scientific concept of development. The Party has raised the construction of a clean and honest government and the fight against corruption to a height that concerns the survival of the Party and the country, and promoted the construction of a system to punish and prevent corruption.
The great achievements of reform and opening up and socialist modernization drive have attracted worldwide attention. China has achieved a historic breakthrough from the relatively backward productivity to the second largest economic aggregate in the world. It has achieved a historic leap in people's life from inadequate food and clothing to an overall well-off society, and has moved towards an overall well-off society. It has also promoted the great leap of the Chinese nation from standing up to prosperity.
The CPC and the Chinese people solemnly declared to the world with their brave and tenacious struggle that reform and opening up is a key move to determine the future and destiny of contemporary China, that the path of socialism with Chinese characteristics is the right path to guide China's development and prosperity, and that China has caught up with the times by leaps and bounds.
4、 Create a new era of socialism with Chinese characteristics
Since the 18th CPC National Congress, socialism with Chinese characteristics has entered a new era. The main task facing the Party is to achieve the first centenary goal, start a new journey to achieve the second centenary goal, and continue to advance towards the grand goal of achieving the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.
It is an era in which the people of all ethnic groups in the country work together to create a better life and gradually realize the common prosperity of all people. It is an era in which all the sons and daughters of the Chinese nation work together to realize the Chinese Dream of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. It is an era in which China continues to make greater contributions to mankind. The new era of socialism with Chinese characteristics is a new historical orientation for China's development.
It is clear that the most essential feature of socialism with Chinese characteristics is the leadership of the CPC, the greatest advantage of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics is the leadership of the CPC, and the CPC is the highest political leadership. The whole party must strengthen the "four consciousness", firm the "four self-confidence", and achieve the "two maintenance"; Clearly adhere to and develop socialism with Chinese characteristics, the general task is to achieve socialist modernization and the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. On the basis of building a moderately prosperous society in all respects, we will build a strong, prosperous, democratic, civilized, harmonious and beautiful modern socialist country in two steps in the middle of this century, and promote the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation with Chinese path to modernization; It is clear that the main contradiction in China's society in the new era is the contradiction between the people's growing need for a better life and the unbalanced and inadequate development. We must adhere to the people-centered development concept, develop the people's democracy throughout the process, promote the comprehensive development of people, and make more tangible and substantial progress in the common prosperity of all people; It is clear that the overall layout of the cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics is the integration of economic construction, political construction, cultural construction, social construction and ecological civilization construction, and the strategic layout is the comprehensive construction of a socialist modern country, the comprehensive deepening of reform, the comprehensive rule of law, and the comprehensive and strict governance of the Party; It is clear that the overall goal of comprehensively deepening reform is to improve and develop the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, and promote the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity; It is clear that the overall goal of comprehensively promoting the rule of law is to build a socialist rule of law system with Chinese characteristics and a socialist country ruled by law; It is clear that we must adhere to and improve the basic socialist economic system, make the market play a decisive role in the allocation of resources, better play the role of the government, grasp the new stage of development, implement the new development concept of innovation, coordination, green, open and sharing, accelerate the construction of a new development pattern with domestic and international circulation as the main body, and promote high-quality development, and coordinate development and security; It is clear that the Party's goal of building a strong military in the new era is to build a people's army that listens to the Party's command, can win battles, and has a good style of work, and build the people's army into a world-class army; It is clear that the diplomacy of a major country with Chinese characteristics should serve national rejuvenation, promote human progress, promote the construction of a new type of international relations, and promote the construction of a community with a shared future for mankind; Define the strategic policy of comprehensive and strict governance of the Party, put forward the general requirements for the Party's construction in the new era, comprehensively promote the Party's political construction, ideological construction, organizational construction, style construction, and discipline construction, put the system construction through it, deeply promote the fight against corruption, implement the responsibility of managing the Party and government, and lead the great social revolution with the great self-revolution. These strategic ideas and innovative ideas are the major achievements of the Party's deepening understanding of the laws of building socialism with Chinese characteristics and theoretical innovation.
After the reform and opening up, the Party and the country have made significant achievements, laying a solid foundation and creating favorable conditions for the development of socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era. At the same time, the Party is soberly aware that the changes in the external environment have brought many new risks and challenges, and that domestic reform, development and stability are facing many deep-seated contradictions and problems that have not been solved for a long time, as well as some new contradictions and problems. The loose governance of the Party has led to the spread of negative corruption within the Party, serious problems in the political ecology, the damage to the relationship between the Party and the masses, the weakening of the creativity, cohesion and combat effectiveness of the Party, The Party's governance of the country faces a major test.
We have pushed forward a series of major tasks, overcome a series of major risks and challenges, solved many problems that we have long wanted to solve but have not solved, and accomplished many major events that we wanted to do but have not done in the past, and promoted historic achievements and changes in the cause of the Party and the country.
（1） In adhering to the overall leadership of the Party
After the reform and opening up, the Party has made continuous efforts to strengthen and improve the leadership of the Party, providing fundamental political guarantee for the development of the cause of the Party and the country. At the same time, there are also many problems in the Party, such as vague understanding of adhering to the leadership of the Party and weak action, and many problems of weakening, weakening, weakening and marginalizing the implementation of the leadership of the Party, especially the poor implementation of the major decisions and arrangements of the Party Central Committee, some of which have policies and countermeasures, and some of them even act without authorization. We will ensure that the Party's core leadership role of taking overall responsibility and coordinating all parties is fully played.
The Party clearly puts forward that the leadership of the Party is comprehensive, systematic and integral, and ensuring the unity of the Party is the life of the Party; The centralized and unified leadership of the Party Central Committee is the highest principle of the Party's leadership. It is the common political responsibility of the whole Party to strengthen and maintain the centralized and unified leadership of the Party Central Committee. To adhere to the Party's leadership, we must first take a clear political stand and ensure that the whole Party obeys the Central Committee. The Sixth Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee adopted a number of guidelines on the political life within the Party under the new situation, and the Party Central Committee issued a number of provisions of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee to strengthen and maintain the centralized and unified leadership of the Party Central Committee, strictly enforce the Party's political discipline and rules, prevent and oppose individualism, decentralism, liberalism, departmentalism, and humanism, and develop a positive and healthy political culture within the Party, We will promote the creation of a sound political environment with a clear and positive atmosphere. The Party Central Committee requires the Party's leading cadres to improve their political judgment, political understanding and political execution, have a "great mind", be loyal to the Party, obey the Party's command, and fulfill their responsibilities for the Party. The Party should improve the Party's leadership system, improve the system of the Party's leadership congress, the government, the CPPCC, the supervisory organ, the judicial organ, the procuratorial organ, the armed forces, the people's organizations, enterprises and institutions, grass-roots mass autonomous organizations, and social organizations, and ensure that the Party plays a leading role in various organizations. The Party adheres to democratic centralism, establishes and improves the leadership system of the Party for major work, strengthens the role of the decision-making, deliberation and coordination mechanism of the Party Central Committee, improves the mechanism for promoting the implementation of major decisions of the Party Central Committee, strictly implements the system of reporting to the Party Central Committee, strengthens political supervision, deepens political inspection, investigates and deals with problems that violate the Party's line, principles and policies, undermine the centralized and unified leadership of the Party, and eliminates "two sides" to ensure the political position of the whole Party The political direction, political principles and political path are highly consistent with the Party Central Committee.
Since the 18th CPC National Congress, the authority and centralized and unified leadership of the Party Central Committee have been effectively guaranteed, the Party's leadership system has been continuously improved, the Party's leadership style has become more scientific, the whole Party has become more unified in thought, more united in politics, and more consistent in action, and the Party's political leadership, ideological leadership, mass organization, and social appeal have been significantly enhanced.
（2） In the comprehensive and strict administration of the Party
After the reform and opening up, the Party insisted that the Party should manage the Party and govern the Party strictly, and made obvious achievements in promoting the Party's construction. At the same time, due to the problems of weak management and lax governance of the Party, some party members and cadres have a serious crisis in their political beliefs, some localities and departments have a bad selection and employment style, formalism, bureaucracy, hedonism and extravagance are prevalent, and the idea of privilege and the phenomenon of privilege are relatively widespread. In particular, there are those who engage in cronyism and exclusion of dissidents, those who engage in groups and gangs, those who engage in anonymous false accusations and rumors, those who engage in buying people's hearts and pulling votes, those who engage in official vows, and those who engage in jubilation, those who act in their own way, those who act in defiance of others, those who engage in tailgating, and those who talk about the Central Committee in vain, and those who engage in political and economic problems are intertwined, and the degree of corruption is appalling. This "seven haves" problem has seriously affected the image and prestige of the Party, seriously damaged the relationship between the Party and the masses, and caused strong dissatisfaction and indignation among the majority of Party members, cadres and the masses. We must continue to improve the quality of Party building by focusing on strengthening the Party's long-term governance capacity, progressiveness and purity, taking the Party's political construction as the leadership, taking firm ideals, beliefs and purposes as the foundation, and mobilizing the enthusiasm, initiative and creativity of the whole Party as the focus, so as to make the Party building always at the forefront of the times, the people's heartfelt support, the courage to self revolution, and the ability to withstand all kinds of storms A vigorous Marxist ruling party. With the clearness and firmness on the way forever, the Party adheres to the strict main tone, highlights the "key minority", implements the main responsibility and supervision responsibility, strengthens the supervision and discipline accountability, and comprehensively and strictly governs the Party throughout all aspects of the Party's construction. The Party Central Committee held a meeting on Party building in various fields to make strong arrangements to promote the overall progress of Party building.
The Party Central Committee stressed that our Party comes from the people, takes root in the people, and serves the people. Once it is divorced from the people, it will lose its vitality. To comprehensively and strictly govern the Party, we must start with the problem of style that the people strongly reflect. The Party Central Committee has made a breakthrough in the formulation and implementation of the eight provisions of the Central Committee, insisted on starting from the Political Bureau of the Central Committee and starting from leading cadres, and improved the work style under the above leadership. The Political Bureau of the Central Committee holds a democratic life meeting every year, listens to the report on the implementation of the eight provisions, and carries out criticism and self-criticism. The Party Central Committee carries forward the spirit of nailing, perseveres in correcting the "four evils", opposes the idea of privilege and the phenomenon of privilege, puts an end to unhealthy tendencies such as public money gifts, public money food and drink, public money tourism, luxury and waste, solves prominent problems that are strongly reflected by the masses and harm the interests of the masses, promotes the burden reduction at the basic level, advocates thrift and thrift, and opposes extravagance and waste, and puts an end to some unhealthy tendencies that were considered impossible to stop in the past, We have rectified some stubborn diseases that have not been eliminated for many years, and the Party's style of government and social conduct have changed.
The Party has always stressed that the whole Party must have firm ideals and beliefs, strict organizational system and strict discipline. The belief in Marxism, the lofty ideal of communism and the common ideal of socialism with Chinese characteristics are the spiritual pillar and political soul of the people of the CPC, as well as the ideological basis for maintaining the unity and unity of the Party. The CPC Central Committee stressed that ideals and beliefs are the "calcium" in the spirit of Communists. Without ideals and beliefs, Communists will "lack calcium" in spirit and suffer from "osteomalacia", which will inevitably lead to political deterioration, economic greed, moral degradation and life corruption. The Party adheres to the same direction of ideological construction and institutional governance, and has successively carried out the Party's mass line education and practice activities, the thematic education of "strict self-cultivation, strict use of power, strict self-discipline, practical planning, practical entrepreneurship, and practical life", the learning and education of "learning the Party Constitution and regulations, learning the series of speeches, and being a qualified party member", the theme education of "not forgetting the original intention, keeping in mind the mission", and the party history learning and education, and armed the whole party with the Party's innovative theory, We will promote the construction of a learning-oriented political party, educate and guide all party members and cadres, especially leading cadres, to straighten out their roots and strengthen their roots in thought, build a solid foundation of faith, replenish the calcium of spirit, and stabilize the rudder of thought, maintain the political nature of the Communists, and strengthen the spiritual backbone of the Communists. The Party proposes and implements the Party's organizational line for the new era, clarifies the standards for good cadres in the new era with firm faith, serving the people, being diligent and pragmatic, daring to assume responsibility, and being honest and honest, highlights the requirements for political quality, establishes a correct employment orientation, adheres to both ability and integrity, takes virtue as the first, adheres to the five lakes and four seas, appoints people on the basis of merit, adheres to the principle of being career oriented, fair and upright, and adheres to the principle of not only votes, not only points, not only GDP, not only age, We will not engage in "mass promotion" or "mass election", strengthen the leadership and gatekeeper role of the Party organization, and correct unhealthy tendencies in the selection and appointment of personnel. The Party requires leading cadres at all levels to solve the "master switch" problem of world outlook, outlook on life and values, cherish power, manage power, use power carefully, consciously accept supervision from all aspects, and always think about sharing the worries of the Party, contributing to the country and benefiting the people. The Party adheres to the principle that the Party manages talents, implements a more active, more open and more effective talent policy, thoroughly implements the strategy of strengthening the country with talents in the new era, and speeds up the construction of the world's important talent center and innovation highland, so as to gather the world's talents and use them. The Party has continuously improved its organizational system, focused on improving its organizational strength, strengthened the political and organizational functions of the Party organization, set up a clear orientation of focusing on the grass-roots level, and promoted the full coverage of the Party's organization and work. The Party adheres to the principle of strict discipline and law enforcement, making good use of the "four forms" of supervision and discipline enforcement, strengthening political and organizational discipline, and driving all disciplines to be strictly enforced. The Party insists on governing the Party according to rules, strictly abides by the Party Constitution, forms a relatively complete system of inner-party laws and regulations, and strictly implements the system. The scientific, institutionalized and standardized level of Party construction has been significantly improved.
The Party Central Committee stressed that corruption is the biggest threat to the Party's long-term governance, and that anti-corruption is a major political struggle that cannot be lost and cannot be lost. If we do not offend hundreds of thousands of corrupt elements, we will offend 1.4 billion people. We must put power in the cage of the system, and set power, regulate power, restrict power, and supervise power according to discipline and law. The Party insists on promoting the principle of not daring to corrupt, not being corrupt, and not wanting to corrupt in one. It will punish shock and deterrence, restrict the system, and raise awareness in one, so as to ensure that the power entrusted by the Party and the people is always used for the well-being of the people. Adhere to the principle of no restricted area, full coverage, zero tolerance, heavy containment, strong pressure, and long-term deterrence, adhere to the principle of investigating bribery and bribery together, adhere to the principle of investigating cases and punishing corruption, use powerful drugs to cure diseases and severe diseases, and use the courage of scraping bones, curing poison, and breaking the wrist to unswervingly "fight tigers", "swat flies", and "hunt foxes". We will resolutely crack down on corruption around the people, carry out in-depth international pursuit and recovery of stolen goods, and eliminate all corrupt elements. The Party focused on corruption cases with political and economic problems, prevented the formation of interest groups within the Party, and investigated and dealt with serious violations of discipline and laws such as Zhou Yongkang, Bo Xilai, Sun Zhengcai, Ling Jihua, etc. The Party leadership will improve the Party and state supervision system, promote the establishment of the national supervision committee and local supervision committees at all levels, build a linkage pattern between the upper and lower levels of inspection and inspection, build a mechanism that takes inner-party supervision as the leading role, and strengthen the restriction and supervision of power operation.
Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China (CPC), through resolute struggle, the role of political guidance and political security of comprehensive and strict governance of the Party has been given full play, the Party's ability of self-purification, self-improvement, self-innovation and self-improvement has been significantly enhanced, the leniency of governance of the Party has been fundamentally reversed, the fight against corruption has achieved an overwhelming victory and has been comprehensively consolidated, and the serious hidden dangers within the Party, the country and the military have been eliminated, and the Party has become stronger in the revolutionary forging.
（3） In economic construction
After the reform and opening up, the Party seized the center of economic construction, led the people to work hard, created a miracle of rapid economic development, and the country's economic strength leapt significantly. At the same time, due to the one-sided pursuit of speed and scale, extensive development mode and other problems in some localities and departments, as well as the impact of the continued downturn in the world economy after the international financial crisis, the structural and institutional contradictions in the economy have been accumulating, and the problems of unbalanced, uncoordinated and unsustainable development are particularly prominent. The Party Central Committee proposed that China's economic development has entered a new normal, and has shifted from a stage of rapid growth to a stage of high-quality development. Facing the complex situation of "three phases of superposition" of the growth rate shift period, the pain period of structural adjustment, and the digestion period of early stimulus policies, the traditional development model is difficult to sustain. The CPC Central Committee stressed that the implementation of the new development concept is a profound change related to the overall development of China. We cannot simply regard the growth rate of GDP as a hero. We must achieve high-quality development in which innovation becomes the first driving force, coordination becomes the endogenous feature, green becomes the universal form, openness becomes the only way, and sharing becomes the fundamental goal, and promote the quality, efficiency and power changes of economic development.
The Party strengthened its strategic planning and unified leadership of economic work, and improved the system and mechanism of economic work under the leadership of the Party. The Fifth Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee, the 19th CPC National Congress, the Fifth Plenary Session of the 19th CPC Central Committee and the previous Central Economic Work Conferences focused on the deployment of China's development, and made major decisions such as adhering to the theme of high-quality development, taking supply-side structural reform as the main line, building a modern economic system, grasping the strategic base point of expanding domestic demand, and making a good job of preventing and resolving major risks, accurately eliminating poverty, and preventing pollution. The Party will unswervingly consolidate and develop the public sector of the economy, encourage, support and guide the development of the non-public sector of the economy, support state-owned capital and state-owned enterprises to become stronger, better and larger, establish a modern enterprise system with Chinese characteristics, and enhance the competitiveness, innovation, control, influence and anti-risk ability of the state-owned economy; We should build a pro-Qing relationship between government and business, and promote the healthy development of the non-public economy and the healthy growth of people in the non-public economy. The Party adheres to the implementation of the innovation-driven development strategy, takes self-reliance in science and technology as the strategic support for national development, improves the new national system, strengthens the national strategic scientific and technological strength, strengthens basic research, advances key core technology research and independent innovation, strengthens the creation, protection and application of intellectual property rights, and speeds up the construction of an innovative country and a world power in science and technology. We will comprehensively implement supply-side structural reform, promote de-capacity, de-stocking, de-leveraging, cost reduction, and complement weaknesses, implement the requirements for consolidation, enhancement, upgrading, and smooth flow, promote the construction of a manufacturing power, accelerate the development of the modern industrial system, expand the real economy, and develop the digital economy. We will improve macroeconomic governance, innovate ideas and methods of macroeconomic regulation, enhance the autonomy of macroeconomic policies, implement proactive fiscal policies and prudent monetary policies, adhere to the promotion of streamlining administration and delegating powers, the combination of decentralization, and the optimization of services, ensure food security, energy and resources security, and the security of the industrial chain supply chain, adhere to the service of finance for the real economy, comprehensively strengthen financial supervision, and prevent and resolve risks in the economic and financial fields, We will strengthen market supervision and anti-monopoly regulations, prevent disorderly expansion of capital, maintain market order, stimulate the vitality of various market entities, especially small and medium-sized enterprises, and protect the rights and interests of workers and consumers. The Party implements the strategy of regional coordinated development, promotes the coordinated development of Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei, the development of the Yangtze River Economic Belt, the construction of the Great Bay Area of Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao, the integrated development of the Yangtze River Delta, the ecological protection and high-quality development of the Yellow River basin, the construction of the Xiong'an New Area with high standards and high quality, promotes the formation of a new pattern in the development of the West, promotes the revitalization of the Northeast to make new breakthroughs, promotes the high-quality development of the central region, encourages the eastern region to accelerate modernization, and supports the old revolutionary base Improve production and living conditions in ethnic areas, border areas and poverty-stricken areas. We will promote a new type of urbanization centered on people and strengthen urban planning, construction and management. The Party has always put solving the "three rural" issues as the top priority of the whole Party's work, implemented the rural revitalization strategy, accelerated the modernization of agriculture and rural areas, adhered to the principle of storing grain in the land and storing grain in technology, implemented the strictest farmland protection system, and promoted the self-reliance of seed industry technology and the independent control of seed sources, so as to ensure that the Chinese people's jobs are firmly in their hands.
Since the 18th CPC National Congress, the balance, coordination and sustainability of China's economic development have been significantly enhanced. The gross domestic product has exceeded the million billion yuan mark, and the per capita gross domestic product has exceeded 10000 dollars. The country's economic strength, scientific and technological strength, and comprehensive national strength have leapt to a new level. China's economy has embarked on a higher quality, more efficient, fairer, more sustainable, and safer development path.
（4） In comprehensively deepening reform and opening up
After the Third Plenary Session of the 11th CPC Central Committee, China's reform and opening up has gone through a magnificent course and achieved remarkable achievements. With the development of practice, some deep-seated institutional and institutional problems and barriers of interest solidification have become increasingly apparent, and the reform has entered a critical period and deep water area. The Party Central Committee is deeply aware that there is no end to practical development, no end to emancipation of the mind, and no end to reform and opening up. Reform can only be carried out when it is not completed, and there is no way out to stop and retreat. We must promote comprehensive deepening of reform with greater political courage and wisdom, dare to gnaw hard bones, dare to wade into dangerous beaches, highlight institutional construction, pay attention to the relevance and coupling of reform, and promote reform with real guns and real knives, Effectively eliminate the drawbacks of various systems and mechanisms.
The Third Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee made arrangements for the reform of the economic system, political system, cultural system, social system, ecological civilization system, national defense and military reform and the Party's construction system, and determined the overall goal, strategic focus, priority, main direction of attack, working mechanism, promotion method, schedule and road map of comprehensively deepening reform. The Third Plenary Session of the 11th CPC Central Committee is an epoch-making event, opening up a new era of reform and opening-up and socialist modernization. The third plenary session of the 18th CPC Central Committee is also an epoch-making one, realizing the transformation of reform from partial exploration and breakthrough to system integration and comprehensive deepening, and opening up a new situation in China's reform and opening up.
The Party adheres to the correct direction of reform, takes promoting social fairness and justice and improving the well-being of the people as the starting point and foothold, highlights the problem-oriented, focuses on further emancipating the mind, liberating and developing social productivity, liberating and enhancing social vitality, strengthens top-level design and overall planning, enhances the systematization, integrity and synergy of reform, stimulates the people's initiative, and promotes reform in important areas and key links to go deeper. The Party has promoted reform in an all-round way, made breakthroughs at multiple points, made rapid and steady progress, and pushed forward in depth, from tamping the foundation and platform, erecting columns and beams, to comprehensive promotion, building momentum, and then to system integration, synergy and efficiency. The basic institutional framework in various fields has been basically established, and many fields have achieved historical changes, systematic remodeling, and overall reconstruction.
The Party Central Committee is deeply aware that openness brings progress, and closure is bound to lag behind; In order to win advantages, initiative and future in China's development, we must comply with economic globalization, rely on China's super-scale market advantages, and implement a more proactive opening strategy. China adheres to the principle of joint consultation, joint construction and sharing, promotes the joint construction of high-quality development of the "the Belt and Road", promotes a large number of cooperation projects related to the economic development and improvement of people's livelihood of countries along the Belt and Road, and builds the road of peace, prosperity, openness, green, innovation and civilization, making the joint construction of the "the Belt and Road" a popular international public product and international cooperation platform in the world today. China adheres to the mutual promotion of opening up to the outside world at home and a better combination of "bringing in" and "going out", promotes the liberalization and facilitation of trade and investment, builds a global network of high-standard free trade zones, builds a pilot free trade zone and a Hainan free trade port, and promotes the institutional opening up of rules, regulations, management, standards, etc., forming a broader, broader and deeper pattern of opening up to the outside world, and builds a win-win situation A diversified, balanced, safe and efficient open economic system has continuously strengthened China's new advantages in international economic cooperation and competition.
Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the Party has continued to promote the comprehensive deepening of reform to the breadth and depth, the socialist system with Chinese characteristics has become more mature and more stereotyped, the modernization level of the national governance system and governance capacity has been continuously improved, and the cause of the Party and the country has shown new vitality.
（5） In political construction
After the reform and opening up, the Party led the people to adhere to the path of political development of socialism with Chinese characteristics and develop socialist democracy, making significant progress. From the gains and losses of political development at home and abroad, the Party has deeply realized that to strengthen confidence in the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, first of all, we must strengthen confidence in the socialist political system with Chinese characteristics, build socialist democracy, and develop socialist political civilization. We must make the socialist political system with Chinese characteristics deeply rooted in the soil of Chinese society. Copying the political system of other countries will not work, or even ruin the country's future and destiny. We must adhere to the organic unity of the Party's leadership, the people's ownership of the country and the rule of law, actively develop the people's democracy throughout the process, improve the comprehensive, extensive and organic system of people's ownership of the country, build diverse, smooth and orderly channels of democracy, enrich the forms of democracy, expand the orderly political participation of the people at all levels and in all fields, so that all aspects of the system and national governance can better reflect the people's will and protect the rights and interests of the people Inspire people to create. We must be vigilant and guard against the erosion and influence of the so-called "constitutionalism", multi-party rotation of power, "tripartite balance of power" and other political trends in the West.
The Fourth Plenary Session of the 19th CPC Central Committee focused on the long-term governance of the Party and the long-term stability of the country. It made an overall plan to adhere to and improve the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, promote the modernization of the national governance system and capacity, and focus on the deployment of the fundamental, basic and important systems that support the socialist system with Chinese characteristics. The Party Central Committee stressed that we must adhere to the people's dominant position and ensure that the people carry out democratic elections, consultation, decision-making, management and supervision in accordance with the law. The Party adheres to and improves the people's congress system, supports and ensures that the people exercise state power through the people's congress, supports and ensures that the people's congress exercises its legislative, supervisory, decision-making, and appointment and removal powers in accordance with the law, resolutely investigates and deals with cases of canvassing bribes, maintains the authority and dignity of the people's congress system, and gives play to the fundamental political and institutional role of the people's congress system. The Party adheres to and improves the system of multi-party cooperation and political consultation under the leadership of the CPC, improves systems such as the special supervision of the democratic party central committee on the implementation of major decisions and deployments, and puts forward suggestions directly to the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, strengthens the construction of the system of special consultative institutions of the People's Political Consultative Conference, promotes the extensive and multi-level institutionalized development of socialist consultative democracy, and forms a consultative democracy system with Chinese characteristics. The Party insists on consolidating the grass-roots political power, improving the grass-roots democratic system, improving the open system of handling affairs, and ensuring the people's right to know, participate, express and supervise. In accordance with the principles of adhering to the comprehensive leadership of the Party, taking the people as the center, optimizing coordination and efficiency, and comprehensively managing the country according to law, the reform of the Party and state institutions has been comprehensively deepened, and the functions of the Party and state institutions have been systematically and integrally reconstructed. The Party adheres to and improves the system of regional ethnic autonomy, unswervingly follows the correct path of solving ethnic problems with Chinese characteristics, adheres to taking the building of a strong sense of the Chinese national community as the main line of the Party's ethnic work, establishes the Party's strategy of governing Tibet and Xinjiang in the new era, consolidates and develops the socialist ethnic relations of equality, solidarity, mutual assistance and harmony, and promotes the common unity and struggle of all ethnic groups, common prosperity and development. The Party adheres to the Party's basic policy of religious work, adheres to the orientation of China's religions, and actively guides religions to adapt to socialist society. The Party has improved the work pattern of the Great United Front, worked hard to find the largest common denominator, drew the largest concentric circle, and gathered the magnificent forces to realize the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. Focusing on strengthening its political, progressiveness and mass character, the Party promotes reform and innovation in the work of mass organizations, and gives better play to the role of trade unions, the Communist Youth League, women's federations and other people's organizations and mass organizations. We take safeguarding the people's right to subsistence and development as the first priority to promote the comprehensive development of human rights.
Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, China's socialist democracy has been institutionalized, standardized and programmed in an all-round way, the advantages of the socialist political system with Chinese characteristics have been better brought into play, and the dynamic, stable and united political situation has been consolidated and developed.
（6） In the overall rule of law
After the reform and opening up, the Party adhered to the rule of law and constantly promoted the construction of the socialist rule of law. At the same time, there are serious problems such as non-compliance with the law, lax enforcement of the law, judicial injustice, and impunity for violations of the law. Judicial corruption occurs from time to time. Some law-enforcement judicial personnel bend the law for personal gain, and even act as a protective umbrella for criminals, seriously damaging the authority of the rule of law and seriously affecting social fairness and justice. The Party is deeply aware that power is a "double-edged sword". The exercise of power in accordance with laws and regulations can benefit the people, and the exercise of power in violation of laws and regulations will inevitably harm the country and the people. The Party Central Committee stressed that the rule of law will lead to the prosperity of the country and the decline of the rule of law will lead to the chaos of the country; The comprehensive rule of law is the essential requirement and important guarantee of socialism with Chinese characteristics, and is a profound revolution in national governance; To adhere to the rule of law, we must first adhere to the rule of the constitution, and to adhere to the rule of law, we must first adhere to the rule of the constitution. We must adhere to the socialist road of rule of law with Chinese characteristics, implement the socialist theory of rule of law with Chinese characteristics, adhere to the common promotion of rule of law, rule of law and administration according to law, adhere to the integration of the construction of a country, government and society under the rule of law, and comprehensively enhance the awareness and ability of the whole society to respect and abide by the law.
The fourth plenary session of the 18th CPC Central Committee and the Central Committee's comprehensive law-based governance work conference focused on the issue of comprehensive law-based governance, made top-level design and major deployment on scientific legislation, strict law enforcement, fair justice, and law-abiding by the whole people, and comprehensively promoted the construction of the legal norms system, the rule of law implementation system, the rule of law supervision system, the rule of law guarantee system, and the inner-party regulation system.
The Party stressed that the broadest and deepest foundation of the comprehensive rule of law is the people. We must implement the whole process of reflecting the people's interests, reflecting the people's wishes, safeguarding the people's rights and interests, and improving the people's welfare in all areas of the comprehensive rule of law, safeguard and promote social fairness and justice, and strive to make the people feel fairness and justice in every legal system, every law enforcement decision, and every judicial case. The Party leadership should improve the system and mechanism to ensure the full implementation of the Constitution, establish the constitutional oath system, carry forward the socialist spirit of the rule of law, improve the ability of state institutions to perform their duties in accordance with the law, improve the ability of leading cadres at all levels to solve problems and promote development by using the rule of law thinking and the rule of law, and strengthen the awareness of the whole society of the rule of law. Through the amendment to the Constitution, the Civil Code, the Law on Foreign Investment, the National Security Law, the Supervision Law and other laws were formulated, the legislative law, the National Defense Law, the Environmental Protection Law and other laws were amended, the legislation in key areas, emerging areas and foreign-related areas was strengthened, and the socialist legal system with Chinese characteristics at the core of the Constitution was accelerated. The Party leadership deepened the reform of the judicial system focusing on the judicial responsibility system, promoted the comprehensive deepening of reform in the field of politics and law, strengthened the supervision and control of the judicial activities of law enforcement, carried out the education and rectification of the political and legal team, corrected the wrong cases according to law, severely punished the judicial corruption of law enforcement, and ensured the integrity, efficiency and authority of law enforcement.
Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the socialist system of rule of law with Chinese characteristics has been continuously improved, the construction of China under the rule of law has taken solid steps, the role of the rule of law as a fundamental, stable and long-term guarantee has been further played, and the ability of the Party to lead and govern the country in the way of the rule of law has been significantly enhanced.
（7） In cultural construction
After the reform and opening up, the Party has adhered to both material and spiritual civilization, promoted the prosperity and development of socialist culture, inspired the national spirit and condensed the national strength. At the same time, erroneous trends of thought such as money worship, hedonism, extreme individualism and historical nihilism have emerged from time to time, and online public opinion is in chaos. Some leading cadres have vague political positions and lack of fighting spirit, which has seriously affected people's ideological and social public opinion environment. The Party accurately grasps the trend of ideological and cultural interaction around the world and profound changes in China's social ideology, and emphasizes that ideological work is the work of establishing the heart and soul for the country. Cultural self-confidence is a more basic, broader and deeper confidence, and is the most basic, deepest and lasting force in the development of a country and a nation. There is no high level of cultural self-confidence Without cultural prosperity, there will be no great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. We must adhere to the people-oriented work orientation, raise the banner, gather the hearts of the people, educate new people, promote culture, and show our image, firmly grasp the leadership of ideological work, build a socialist ideology with strong cohesion and leadership, build a socialist cultural power, stimulate the cultural innovation and creativity of the whole nation, and better build the Chinese spirit, Chinese values, and Chinese power, Consolidate the common ideological basis for the unity and struggle of the whole Party and the people of all ethnic groups.
The Party strives to solve the problem of the weakening of the Party's leadership in the field of ideology. It has made plans on many directional and strategic issues in the field of ideology, established and adhered to the fundamental system of the guiding position of Marxism in the field of ideology, improved the system of responsibility for ideological work, and promoted the whole Party to start to work on propaganda and ideological work, to be responsible, responsible, conscientious, and dare to grasp, manage, and fight, Take a clear stand against and resist all kinds of wrong views. The Party has strengthened its propaganda and ideological work from the beginning, held a national propaganda and ideological work conference, respectively held a symposium on literary and artistic work, the Party's news and public opinion work, network security and information work, philosophy and social science work, and a national ideological and political work conference in colleges and universities, clarified the principles and positions on a series of fundamental issues, clarified the right and wrong of the theory, corrected the work orientation, and the ideological and cultural field has been developing in an upward direction. We will promote the use of the Party's innovative theories to arm the whole Party, educate the people and guide practice, deepen the research and construction of Marxist theory, and promote the construction of the discipline system, academic system and discourse system of philosophy and social sciences with Chinese characteristics. We should attach great importance to the construction and innovation of communication means, promote the integrated development of media, and improve the dissemination, guidance, influence and credibility of news and public opinion. The Central Committee of the Communist Party of China has clearly stated that if we can not pass the Internet, we can not pass the long term ruling. The Party attaches great importance to the Internet as the main front, main battlefield and forefront of ideological struggle, improves the Internet leadership and management system, adheres to the rule of law in network management, and creates a clear network space.
The Party adheres to guiding cultural construction with socialist core values, focuses on cultivating the soul with advanced socialist culture, revolutionary culture and excellent traditional Chinese culture, extensively carries out publicity and education of socialism with Chinese characteristics and the Chinese Dream, promotes the normalization and institutionalization of education of ideals and beliefs, improves the system of ideological and political work, establishes and improves the system of honoring the Party and the country for meritorious deeds, establishes the Memorial Day of Martyrs, and deepens the creation of mass spiritual civilization, We will build a civilization practice center for the new era and promote the construction of a learning country. The Party has promoted the study of the history of the Party, the history of the new China, the history of reform and opening up, and the history of socialist development, built a history exhibition hall of the CPC, celebrated the 100th anniversary of the founding of the CPC, the 70th anniversary of the founding of the People's Republic of China, the 90th anniversary of the founding of the Chinese People's Liberation Army, the 40th anniversary of reform and opening up, and the 70th anniversary of the victory of the Chinese People's War of Resistance against Japanese Aggression and Activities such as the 70th anniversary of the Chinese People's Volunteer Army's war against the United States and aiding the Korean War abroad have strongly demonstrated the party's hearts and minds, the national prestige and military prestige, and have sung the main melody and carried forward the positive energy in the whole society. The Party insists on putting social benefits first and unifying social and economic benefits, promoting the comprehensive development of cultural undertakings and cultural industries, prospering literary and artistic creation, improving the public cultural service system, and providing more and better spiritual food for the people.
The CPC Central Committee stressed that the excellent traditional Chinese culture is the outstanding advantage of the Chinese nation and the foundation for us to stand firm in the world cultural turmoil. It must be inherited and carried forward in combination with the new era conditions. We implement the inheritance and development project of Chinese excellent traditional culture, promote the creative transformation and innovative development of Chinese excellent traditional culture, enhance the awareness of cultural relics protection of the whole society, and strengthen the protection of cultural heritage. Accelerate the construction of international communication capacity, tell the world the story of China and the CPC, spread the voice of China, promote the exchange and mutual learning of human civilizations, and significantly improve the soft power of national culture and the influence of Chinese culture.
Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the situation in the field of ideology in China has undergone a comprehensive and fundamental change. The cultural confidence of the whole Party and the people of all ethnic groups in the country has been significantly enhanced, and the cohesion and centripetal force of the whole society has been greatly enhanced, providing a strong ideological guarantee and a strong spiritual force for creating a new situation in the cause of the Party and the country in the new era.
（8） In social construction
After the reform and opening up, China's people's lives have improved significantly and social governance has improved significantly. At the same time, with the development of the times and social progress, the people's desire for a better life has become stronger, and the requirements for democracy, the rule of law, fairness, justice, security, the environment and other aspects are growing. The Party Central Committee stressed that the people's desire for a better life is our goal, and improving the people's well-being is our essential requirement to adhere to the principle of building the Party for the public and exercising power for the people. Making the people live a good life is the starting point and end point of all our work. It is an urgent task of social construction to make up for the shortcomings of people's livelihood security and solve the people's urgent problems. We must strengthen social construction with the focus on ensuring and improving people's livelihood, do our best and do what we can, do one thing after another, and do it year after year. We must continue to make efforts to provide for children, education, labor, medical care, care for the elderly, housing, and support for the weak, strengthen and innovate social governance, and make people's sense of gain, happiness, and security more substantial, more secure, and more sustainable.
The Party has deeply realized that the key to a well-off society is to look at the villagers; The fight against poverty is the bottom line task of building a moderately prosperous society in all respects. Only by winning the fight against poverty can we ensure the building of a moderately prosperous society in all respects and achieve the first centennial goal; We must take extraordinary measures with greater determination, more precise thinking and more powerful measures to implement the poverty alleviation project. The Party adheres to targeted poverty alleviation, establishes the goal of not worrying about food, clothing, and compulsory education, basic medical care, and housing security, implements the "military order" responsibility system, mobilizes the whole party, the whole country, and the whole society to work together to overcome the difficulties and difficulties, and organizes the implementation of the largest and most powerful anti-poverty battle in human history, forming the great anti-poverty spirit. Since the 18th CPC National Congress, 832 poverty-stricken counties across the country have been stripped of their hats, 128000 poverty-stricken villages have all been listed, nearly 100 million rural poor people have been lifted out of poverty, and the poverty reduction goal of the United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development has been achieved ten years ahead of schedule, which has historically solved the problem of absolute poverty and created a miracle in the history of human poverty reduction.
In 2020, in the face of the sudden COVID-19, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China made a decisive decision, calmly responded, insisted on the supremacy of the people and life, put forward the general requirements of firm confidence, solidarity, scientific prevention and accurate measures, carried out the people's war against the epidemic, the overall war, the war of resistance, carefully deployed the defense of Wuhan and Hubei, and made national efforts to implement the unprecedented rescue of life, We have been careful to do a good job of "external prevention input and internal prevention rebound", adhere to the overall planning of epidemic prevention and control and economic and social development, maximize the protection of people's life safety and physical health, take the lead in controlling the epidemic in the world, take the lead in resuming work and production, and take the lead in resuming economic and social development, and strive for major strategic achievements in the fight against the epidemic, and cast the great spirit of anti-epidemic.
In order to guarantee and improve people's livelihood, the Party has launched a series of major measures in the areas of income distribution, employment, education, social security, medical and health care, housing security, etc., in accordance with the idea of sticking to the bottom line, highlighting the key points, improving the system, and guiding expectations, focusing on strengthening the construction of inclusive, basic, and inclusive people's livelihood, and promoting the equalization of basic public services. We strive to build an income distribution system that reflects efficiency and promotes fairness, regulate excessive income, ban illegal income, increase the income of low-income people, steadily expand the middle-income group, and promote the formation of an olive distribution pattern. The growth of residents' income is basically synchronized with economic growth, and the growth of rural residents' income is faster than that of urban residents. Implement the employment priority policy and promote the realization of more full and high-quality employment. We will fully implement the Party's educational policy, give priority to the development of education, and make clear that the fundamental task of education is to establish morality and cultivate people, cultivate socialist builders and successors with all-round development of morality, intelligence, physique, beauty and labor, deepen the reform and innovation of education and teaching, promote fairness and improve quality, promote the balanced development of compulsory education and urban-rural integration, comprehensively promote the education and teaching of the national common language, standardize the training institutions outside the school, and actively develop vocational education, We should promote the connotative development of higher education, promote the construction of an educational power, and do a good job of education to the satisfaction of the people. China has built the world's largest social security system, with 120 million people owning basic old-age insurance and 1.36 billion people owning basic medical insurance. We will comprehensively promote the construction of a healthy China, adhere to the principle of putting prevention first, deepen the reform of the medical and health system, guide the focus of medical and health work to move down and resources to sink, timely promote the improvement of the system and mechanism for the prevention and control of major epidemics, improve the national public health emergency management system, promote the inheritance and innovative development of Chinese medicine, and improve the public health service system throughout urban and rural areas. We will speed up the construction of a strong sports country, carry out extensive fitness activities for all, and vigorously promote the Chinese sports spirit. We should strengthen the research on population development strategies, actively respond to the aging of the population, accelerate the construction of the elderly care service system, adjust and optimize the fertility policy, and promote the long-term balanced development of the population. Pay attention to the construction of family style of family tutoring and protect the rights and interests of women and children. We will accelerate the development of the cause of disabled people. Adhere to the positioning that houses are used for living, not for speculation, accelerate the establishment of a housing system with multi-subject supply, multi-channel security, and rent and purchase, increase investment in the construction of affordable housing, and significantly improve the housing conditions of urban and rural residents.
The Party aims at the long-term stability of the country and the people's living and working in peace and contentment, building a higher level of safe China, improving the social governance system, improving the urban and rural grass-roots governance system that combines autonomy, rule of law and rule of virtue under the leadership of the Party organization, promoting the focus of social governance to move down to the grass-roots level, building a social governance system of co-construction, co-governance and sharing, and building a community of social governance that everyone is responsible for, everyone is responsible for, and everyone enjoys. We will strengthen disaster prevention, mitigation and relief and work safety, and strengthen the national emergency management system and capacity building. Adhere to and develop the "Maple Bridge experience" of the new era, adhere to systematic governance, legal governance, comprehensive governance, and source governance, improve the system of letters and visits, improve the comprehensive mechanism of multiple prevention, mediation and resolution of social conflicts and disputes, strengthen the comprehensive governance of social security, carry out the special fight against crime and evil, resolutely punish the party members and cadres who indulge, shield the evil forces and even act as a protective umbrella, prevent and combat violence and terrorism, new network crime Transnational crime.
Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, China's social construction has been comprehensively strengthened, the people's life has been improved in all aspects, and the level of social governance has been greatly improved in terms of socialization, rule of law, intelligence, and specialization, which has developed a good situation in which the people live and work in peace and contentment, and the society is stable and orderly, and continues to write the miracle of long-term social stability.
（9） In the construction of ecological civilization
After the reform and opening up, the Party has increasingly attached importance to the protection of ecological environment. At the same time, the construction of ecological civilization is still an obvious weakness. Problems such as the tightening of resources and environment constraints and the degradation of ecosystems are becoming more and more prominent. In particular, various types of environmental pollution and ecological damage are showing a high incidence, which has become an injury to the land and a pain to people's livelihood. If we do not quickly reverse the trend of ecological environment deterioration, we will pay a very heavy price. The Party Central Committee stressed that the construction of ecological civilization is the fundamental plan for the sustainable development of the Chinese nation, that protecting the ecological environment is protecting the productive forces, that improving the ecological environment is developing the productive forces, and that we will never sacrifice the environment for temporary economic growth. We must adhere to the concept that green waters and green mountains are golden mountains and silver mountains, adhere to the integrated protection and systematic management of mountains, rivers, forests, lakes, grass and sand, protect the ecological environment as we protect the eyes, treat the ecological environment as we treat life, and more consciously promote green development, circular development, and low-carbon development, and adhere to the path of civilized development of production development, rich life, and good ecology.
The Party has made full efforts in terms of ideology, law, system, organization and style, strengthened ecological and environmental protection in all directions, all regions and all processes, promoted the delimitation of ecological protection red line, environmental quality bottom line and resource utilization line, and carried out a series of fundamental, pioneering and long-term work. The Party organized the implementation of the main functional area strategy, established and improved the property rights system of natural resources assets, the development and protection system of land and space, the evaluation and assessment system of ecological civilization construction objectives and the accountability system, the ecological compensation system, the river and lake chief system, the forest chief system, the "party and government responsibility" and the "one post and two responsibilities" systems for environmental protection, and formulated and revised relevant laws and regulations. We will optimize the pattern of land space development and protection, establish a natural reserve system with national parks as the main body, continue to carry out large-scale land greening operations, strengthen the ecological protection and systematic governance of large rivers and important lakes, wetlands and coastal zones, increase the protection and restoration of ecosystems, strengthen the protection of biodiversity, and promote the formation of a spatial pattern, industrial structure, production mode and lifestyle that saves resources and protects the environment. The Party leaders focused on winning the battle of pollution prevention and control, deeply implemented the three major action plans of air, water and soil pollution prevention and control, played a good role in the defense of blue sky, blue water and pure land, carried out the renovation of rural residential environment, and comprehensively banned the import of "foreign garbage". We will carry out the central supervision of ecological and environmental protection, resolutely investigate and deal with a number of major typical cases that damage the ecological environment, and solve a number of prominent environmental problems that the people strongly reflect. China has actively participated in global environmental and climate governance and made a solemn commitment to achieve carbon peak by 2030 and carbon neutrality by 2060, reflecting the responsibility of a responsible big country.
Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the Party Central Committee has paid unprecedented attention to the construction of ecological civilization. The consciousness and initiative of the whole Party and the country to promote green development have been significantly enhanced. Major steps have been taken in the construction of a beautiful China. China's ecological environment protection has undergone historic, turning and overall changes.
（10） In terms of national defense and military construction
After the reform and opening up, the level of the revolutionary modernization and regularization of the people's army has been continuously improved, and the national defense strength has been increasingly strengthened, providing a reliable security guarantee for the reform, development and stability of the country. The CPC Central Committee stressed that a strong country must build a strong military and a strong military to ensure national security, and must build a strong national defense and a strong people's army commensurate with China's international status and national security and development interests.
The Party put forward the goal of building a strong military in the new era, established the military strategic policy in the new era, formulated the new "three-step" strategy of national defense and military modernization to achieve the goal of achieving the centenary goal of building a strong military by 2027, basically realizing the modernization of national defense and the military by 2035, and comprehensively building a world-class military by the middle of this century, and promoted the political building of the military, the reform of the military, the science and technology of the military, the talent of the military, and the rule of law, and accelerated the modernization of military theory Modernization of military organizational form, military personnel and weapons and equipment, accelerate the integrated development of mechanization, informatization and intelligence, comprehensively strengthen military training and preparation, and adhere to the road of building a strong military with Chinese characteristics.
To build a strong people's army, the first thing is to unswervingly adhere to the fundamental principle and system of the Party's absolute leadership over the people's army, adhere to the principle that the supreme leadership and command of the people's army belong to the Party Central Committee and the Central Military Commission, and fully and thoroughly implement the system of the Chairman of the Military Commission's responsibility. At one time, the problem of weakening the leadership of the Party in the People's Army was prominent. If it was not completely solved, it would not only affect the combat effectiveness, but also affect the major political principle of the Party's command of the gun. The CPC Central Committee and the Central Military Commission paid close attention to the comprehensive and strict administration of the military, made a decisive decision to consolidate the political discipline of the people's army, held a military political work conference in Gutian, made arrangements for the political construction of the army in the new era, restored and carried forward the glorious tradition and fine style of our party and army, promoted the political rectification and training in the spirit of rectification, comprehensively strengthened the leadership and party building of the military party, further promoted the construction of the army's party conduct and clean government and the fight against corruption, and resolutely investigated and dealt with Guo Boxiong Xu Caihou, Fang Fenghui, Zhang Yang and other serious violations of discipline and law have been thoroughly eliminated, and their pernicious influence has been promoted to fundamentally improve the political ecology of the people's army.
The Party put forward the strategy of reforming and strengthening the military, led the most extensive and profound reform of national defense and the military since the founding of the People's Republic of China, restructured the leadership and command system of the people's army, the modern military force system, and the military policy system, and reduced the number of active posts by 300000, forming a new pattern of the military commission in charge, the theater in charge of war, and the service in charge of construction. In the face of the new military revolution in the world, we have implemented the strategy of building a strong military through science and technology, built an innovative people's army, built a strong modern logistics, and made significant progress in the construction of national defense technology and weapons and equipment. We will implement the strategy of building a strong military with talents, establish the policy of military education in the new era, clarify the standard of good military cadres, promote the construction of a new trinity military personnel training system, train revolutionary soldiers of the new era with soul, ability, blood, and moral character, and forge a strong army with iron faith, iron faith, iron discipline, and iron responsibility. We will implement the strategy of running the military according to law, build a military rule of law system with Chinese characteristics, and accelerate the fundamental transformation of the way of running the military. We will promote the construction of the military honor system.
The Party put forward the mission and task of the People's Army in the new era, innovated the military strategic guidance, adjusted and optimized the military strategic layout, and strengthened the strategic functions of the People's Army to shape the situation, control the crisis, contain the war, and win the war. The people's army firmly holds the only fundamental standard of combat effectiveness, the fundamental direction of being able to fight and win, expands its strategic strength and new quality combat forces in new areas, strengthens the construction of the joint combat command system and capability, vigorously corrects the "accumulated disadvantages of peace", pays great attention to the practical military training, builds a strong and stable modern border, sea and air defense, firmly and flexibly carries out military struggles, and effectively responds to external military provocations, To deter the secessionist act of "Taiwan independence", and carry out major tasks such as border defense struggle, maritime rights protection, anti-terrorism and stability maintenance, emergency and disaster relief, anti-epidemic, peacekeeping escort, humanitarian relief and international military cooperation.
Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, under the strong leadership of the Party, the People's Army has achieved a comprehensive and revolutionary reshaping, reorganized and started again, the national defense strength and economic strength have been improved simultaneously, the construction of an integrated national strategic system and capability has been accelerated, the management and security system for retired servicemen has been established and improved, the national defense mobilization has been more efficient, and the unity between the military and the civilian has been consolidated. The people's army has resolutely fulfilled the mission and task of the new era, and has safeguarded national sovereignty, security and development interests with a tenacious spirit of struggle and practical actions.
（11） In maintaining national security
After the reform and opening up, the Party attached great importance to the correct handling of the relationship between reform, development and stability, and took the maintenance of national security and social stability as a basic work of the Party and the country, creating a good security environment for the reform and opening up and socialist modernization. In the new era, China is facing a more severe national security situation, with unprecedented external pressure. Traditional and non-traditional security threats are intertwined, and "black swan" and "grey rhino" incidents occur from time to time. Compared with the requirements of the situation and tasks, China's ability to maintain national security is insufficient, its ability to deal with various major risks is not strong, and the overall coordination mechanism for safeguarding national security is not sound. The Party Central Committee stressed that peace and stability of the country is the most basic and universal aspiration of the people. We must adhere to the bottom line thinking, be prepared for dangers in times of peace, and take the national interests as the first priority, take the people's security as the purpose, take political security as the foundation, take economic security as the foundation, take military, scientific, technological, cultural and social security as the guarantee, and take the promotion of international security as the basis, comprehensively plan development and security, as well as opening up and security, as well as traditional and non-traditional security, as well as our own and common security, We will maintain and shape national security as a whole.
The Central Committee of the Communist Party of China has deeply realized that in the face of all kinds of external containment, suppression, trouble making and subversion activities, it must carry forward the spirit of not believing in evil and not afraid of ghosts, and fight to the end against all forces that attempt to subvert the leadership of the CPC and our socialist system, and attempt to delay or even block the great rejuvenation process of the Chinese nation. If you just give in, you can only gain inch by inch bullying, and if you compromise, you can only lead to a more humiliating situation.
The Party has made great efforts to promote the construction of the national security system and capacity, set up the Central National Security Committee, improve the centralized, unified, efficient and authoritative national security leadership system, improve the national security legal system, strategic system and policy system, and establish the coordination mechanism and emergency management mechanism for national security work. The Party puts security development throughout the whole process of national development in all fields, pays attention to preventing and defusing major risks affecting China's modernization process, firmly maintains the security of national power, system and ideology, strengthens national security publicity and education and national defense education, consolidates the national security people's defense line, promotes the prosperity of the border and the people, stabilizes the border and solidifies the border, and strictly guards against and severely attacks the infiltration, destruction, subversion and separatist activities of hostile forces, Resist and counter the external extreme repression and containment, carry out the struggle involving Hong Kong, Taiwan, Xinjiang, Tibet and the sea, accelerate the construction of a maritime power, and effectively safeguard national security.
Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, national security has been comprehensively strengthened, withstood the risks and challenges from politics, economy, ideology, nature and other aspects, and provided a strong guarantee for the prosperity and long-term stability of the Party and the country.
（12） In adhering to "one country, two systems" and promoting the reunification of the motherland
After the return of Hong Kong and Macao to the motherland, they have been reintegrated into the national governance system and embarked on a broad path of complementary advantages and common development with the mainland. The practice of "one country, two systems" has achieved world-recognized success. At the same time, for a period of time, under the influence of various internal and external complex factors, the "anti China chaos Hong Kong" activities were rampant, and the situation in Hong Kong was once grim. The CPC Central Committee stressed that it is necessary to fully, accurately and unswervingly implement the "one country, two systems" policy, adhere to and improve the "one country, two systems" system, adhere to the rule of law in Hong Kong and Macao, maintain the constitutional order of the Special Administrative Region as determined by the Constitution and the Basic Law, implement the central government's overall power over the Special Administrative Region, and firmly implement the "Patriots rule Hong Kong" and "Patriots rule Macao".
The CPC Central Committee reviewed the situation, made major decisions to improve the central authority to exercise comprehensive governance over the Special Administrative Region in accordance with the Constitution and the Basic Law, and to improve the relevant institutional mechanisms for the implementation of the Special Administrative Region with the Constitution and the Basic Law, promoted the establishment and improvement of the legal system and implementation mechanism for the maintenance of national security in the Special Administrative Region, formulated the Law of the People's Republic of China on the Maintenance of National Security in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, and improved the electoral system of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, We will implement the principle of "patriots governing Hong Kong" and support the Special Administrative Region to improve the swearing system for public officials. The Central People's Government established the National Security Commission in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region in accordance with the law, and the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region established the National Security Commission in accordance with the law. The central government firmly supports the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region to stop violence, control chaos and restore order in accordance with the law, support the Chief Executive and the government of the Special Administrative Region to govern in accordance with the law, resolutely prevent and curb the interference of external forces in Hong Kong and Macao affairs, and severely crack down on separatism, subversion, infiltration and sabotage activities. We will fully support Hong Kong and Macao to better integrate into the overall national development situation, build the Great Bay Area of Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao with high quality, support Hong Kong and Macao to develop the economy, improve people's livelihood, and enhance the national awareness and patriotism of our compatriots in Hong Kong and Macao. This series of measures to address both the root cause and the root cause have pushed the situation in Hong Kong to achieve a major turning point from chaos to governance, and laid a solid foundation for promoting the rule of law in Hong Kong and Macao, and promoting the practice of "one country, two systems" to achieve stability and long-term development.
To solve the Taiwan issue and achieve the complete reunification of the motherland is the historic task of the Party, the common aspiration of all Chinese people, and the inevitable requirement for the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. The Party has grasped the changes of the times in cross-Straits relations, enriched and developed the theory of national unity and the principles and policies for Taiwan, and promoted cross-Straits relations to develop in the right direction. We have promoted the realization of the first meeting between leaders of the two sides of the Straits and direct dialogue and communication between leaders of the two sides of the Straits since 1949. The Party adheres to the concept of "one family on both sides of the Taiwan Straits", promotes the peaceful development of cross-Straits relations, introduces a series of policies that benefit the majority of Taiwan compatriots, and strengthens cross-Straits economic and cultural exchanges and cooperation. Since 2016, the Taiwan authorities have stepped up their "Taiwan independence" separatist activities, which has seriously impacted the momentum of peaceful development of cross-Straits relations. We adhere to the one-China principle and the 1992 Consensus, firmly oppose the secessionist act of "Taiwan independence", resolutely oppose the interference of external forces, and firmly grasp the leading and initiative of cross-Straits relations. The time and momentum for the complete reunification of the motherland have always been on our side.
Practice has proved that with the strong leadership of the CPC, the strong support of the great motherland, and the concerted efforts of the people of all ethnic groups in China, including compatriots in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, the Macao Special Administrative Region, and Taiwan, long-term prosperity and stability in Hong Kong and Macao can be maintained, and the complete reunification of the motherland can be achieved.
（13） In diplomatic work
After the reform and opening up, the Party adhered to the independent foreign policy of peace, created a good external environment for China's development, and made significant contributions to the cause of human progress. In the new era, the international balance of power has been profoundly adjusted, the threat of unilateralism, protectionism, hegemonism and power politics to world peace and development has risen, the trend of anti-globalization has risen, and the world has entered a period of turbulence and change. The CPC Central Committee stressed that in the face of the complex and severe international situation and unprecedented external risks and challenges, it is necessary to coordinate the overall domestic and international situation, improve the Party's leadership system and mechanism for foreign affairs, strengthen the top-level design of foreign affairs, make strategic plans for the diplomacy of major countries with Chinese characteristics, promote the construction of new international relations, promote the construction of a community with a shared future for mankind, and promote peace, development, fairness, justice, democracy The common value of freedom for all mankind leads the trend of human progress.
The Party should grasp the overall situation of diplomatic work in the new era, closely follow the main line of serving national rejuvenation and promoting human progress, hold high the banner of peace, development, cooperation and win-win results, promote and improve the comprehensive, multi-level and three-dimensional diplomatic layout, and actively develop global partnership. We plan relations between major countries and promote coordination and cooperation among major countries. Deepen relations with neighboring countries, stabilize the strategic support of the neighboring countries, and build a community of shared future in the neighboring countries in accordance with the concept of amity, sincerity, mutual benefit and inclusiveness and the neighboring diplomatic policy of being good and partner with the neighboring countries. Adhering to the correct concept of justice and interests and the concept of sincerity and sincerity, we should strengthen solidarity and cooperation with developing countries, and achieve full coverage of the overall cooperation mechanism. The Party has maintained regular contacts with more than 500 political parties and organizations around the world and deepened exchanges and cooperation between political parties. Adapting to the expanding new situation of "going out", we have constantly improved the overseas interest protection system and effectively responded to a series of overseas interest risk challenges.
China actively participates in the reform and construction of the global governance system, maintains the international system with the United Nations at its core, the international order based on international law, and the basic norms of international relations based on the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations, upholds and practices true multilateralism, resolutely opposes unilateralism, protectionism, hegemonism, and power politics, and actively promotes economic globalization to be more open, inclusive, inclusive, and balanced Development in a win-win direction. China has constructively participated in the political settlement of international and regional hotspot issues and played an active role in the fields of climate change, poverty reduction, counter-terrorism, cybersecurity and regional security. China has carried out international cooperation in combating the COVID-19, launched the largest global emergency humanitarian action since the founding of New China, provided material assistance, medical support, vaccine assistance and cooperation to many countries, especially developing countries, and demonstrated the image of a responsible big country.
Through continuous efforts, the diplomacy of major countries with Chinese characteristics has been comprehensively promoted, and the construction of a community with a shared future for mankind has become a bright banner leading the trend of the times and the direction of mankind. China's diplomacy has opened a new stage in the world's great changes and turned the crisis into an opportunity in the world's chaos. China's international influence, charisma and shaping power have been significantly improved.
More solid material foundation and more active spiritual strength. The CPC and the Chinese people solemnly declared to the world with their brave and tenacious struggle that the Chinese nation has ushered in a great leap from standing up, becoming rich to becoming strong.
5、 The Historical Significance of the Centennial Struggle of the CPC
Over the past 100 years, the Party has always fulfilled its original mission, united and led the people of all ethnic groups across the country to paint a magnificent picture in the history of human development, and the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation has shown an unprecedented bright prospect.
（1） The centennial struggle of the Party has fundamentally changed the future and destiny of the Chinese people. After modern times, the Chinese people were oppressed by three mountains and humiliated as "sick men of East Asia" by western powers. Over the past 100 years, the people led by the Party have gone through a magnificent struggle, and the Chinese people have completely shaken off the fate of being bullied, oppressed and enslaved, and become the masters of the country, society and their own destiny. People's democracy has continued to develop, more than 1.4 billion people have achieved an all-round well-off society, and the aspiration of the Chinese people for a better life has become a reality. Today, the Chinese people are more confident, self-reliant and self-reliant, and have greatly strengthened their morale, backbone and confidence. The strong energy accumulated in the process of history has fully erupted, and the unprecedented historical initiative and historical creativity have been glowing. They are writing the great history of China's development in the new era with a hundred times of confidence.
（2） The centennial struggle of the Party has opened up the right path to realize the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. After modern times, the Chinese nation, which has created a splendid civilization, has encountered a profound crisis in which civilization is difficult to continue, presenting a scene of decline and decay before the world. Over the past 100 years, the Party has led the people to make unremitting efforts and keep forging ahead, successfully opening up the right path to realize the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. China has gone from fragmentation and fragmentation to a high degree of unity and national unity, from the accumulation of poverty and weakness, from poverty and destitution to overall well-being, prosperity and strength, from being beaten passively and bullied to being independent and assertive. In only a few decades, China has completed the industrialization process that developed countries have gone through for hundreds of years, and has created two wonders: rapid economic development and long-term social stability. Today, what the Chinese nation shows to the world is a thriving atmosphere, standing firmly in the east of the world.
（3） The centennial struggle of the Party has demonstrated the strong vitality of Marxism. Marxism reveals the law of human social development and is the scientific truth of understanding and transforming the world. At the same time, upholding and developing Marxism, from theory to practice, requires extremely arduous and challenging efforts by Marxists all over the world. Over the past 100 years, the Party has insisted on putting Marxism on its own banner, constantly promoting the modernization of Marxism in China, absorbing all the outstanding achievements of civilization created by mankind with a broad mind, and guiding the great practice with the scientific theory of Marxism in China. The scientific nature and truth of Marxism have been fully tested in China, the people's nature and practicality of Marxism have been fully implemented in China, and the openness and modernity of Marxism have been fully demonstrated in China. The continuous success of the sinicization and modernization of Marxism has brought Marxism to the world in a new image, and made the historical evolution and competition of the two ideologies and social systems of socialism and capitalism in the world have undergone major changes in favor of socialism.
（4） The centennial struggle of the Party has profoundly affected the process of world history. The cause of the Party and the people is an important part of the cause of human progress. Over the past 100 years, the Party has not only worked for the happiness of the Chinese people and the rejuvenation of the Chinese nation, but also for the progress of mankind and the great harmony of the world. It has profoundly changed the trend and pattern of world development with its ceaseless struggle for self-improvement. The Party led the people to successfully walk out of the path of Chinese path to modernization, create a new form of human civilization, expand the path of developing countries to modernization, and provide new choices for countries and nations in the world who both want to accelerate development and maintain their independence. The Party has promoted the construction of a community with a shared future for mankind. It has contributed Chinese wisdom, Chinese plan and Chinese strength to solving major human problems and building an open, inclusive, clean and beautiful world with lasting peace, universal security, common prosperity, and has become an important force in promoting human development and progress.
（5） The centennial struggle of the Party forged the CPC, which is in the forefront of the times. When the Party was founded, it had only more than 50 party members. Today, it has become the world's largest ruling party with more than 95 million party members, leading a large country with more than 1.4 billion people and significant global influence. Over the past hundred years, the Party has adhered to its nature and purpose, adhered to its ideals and beliefs, adhered to its original mission, braved self revolution, withstood various risks and tests in life and death struggle and arduous struggle, made huge sacrifices, forged a distinctive political character, formed a spiritual pedigree with the great spirit of party building as the source, maintained the progressiveness and purity of the Party, and constantly improved its governance ability and leadership level, He is leading the Chinese people on the path of socialism with Chinese characteristics to the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation, and is worthy of being a great, glorious and correct party.
6、 The Historical Experience of the Centennial Struggle of the CPC
Over the past 100 years, the Party has led the people to make great efforts, make breakthroughs in progress, rise from setbacks, improve from summary, and accumulate valuable historical experience.
（1） Adhere to the leadership of the Party. The CPC is the core force leading our cause. The strong leadership of the CPC is the most fundamental reason why the Chinese people and the Chinese nation can reverse the historical destiny after modern times and achieve great achievements today. History and reality have proved that without the CPC, there would be no new China and no great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. To govern our country, the largest political party and the most populous country in the world, we must adhere to the comprehensive leadership of the Party, especially the centralized and unified leadership of the Party Central Committee, adhere to democratic centralism, and ensure that the Party always takes the overall picture and coordinates all parties. As long as we adhere to the Party's overall leadership, firmly uphold the Party's core and the authority of the Party Central Committee, give full play to the Party's leadership and political advantages, and implement the Party's leadership in all aspects and links of the cause of the Party and the country, we will be able to ensure that the whole Party, the whole army and the people of all ethnic groups in the country move forward in unity.
（2） We should put the people first. The foundation of the Party lies in the people, its blood is in the people, and its strength lies in the people. The people are the Party's greatest strength in governing and rejuvenating the country. The popular will is the biggest politics, and justice is the strongest force. The greatest political advantage of the Party is to keep close contact with the masses, and the greatest danger after the Party is in power is to break away from the masses. The Party represents the fundamental interests of the overwhelming majority of the Chinese people, has no special interests of its own, and has never represented the interests of any interest group, any power group, or any privileged class. This is the fundamental reason for the Party to remain invincible. As long as we always adhere to the fundamental purpose of serving the people wholeheartedly, adhere to the Party's mass line, always bear in mind that the mountains and rivers are the people and the people are the mountains and rivers, adhere to everything for the people and everything depends on the people, adhere to governance for the people and rely on the people, adhere to development for the people, rely on the people, and share the results of development with the people, and unswervingly follow the path of common prosperity for all people, We will surely lead the people to win a new and greater victory of socialism with Chinese characteristics, and any attempt to separate the CPC from the Chinese people will never succeed.
（3） Adhere to theoretical innovation. Marxism is our fundamental guiding ideology for building the Party and the country and rejuvenating the Party and the country. Marxist theory is not a dogma but a guide to action. It must develop with the development of practice. It must be Chinese to take root, and localization can take root. The reason why the Party is able to lead the people to complete the arduous tasks that other political forces in China can't accomplish in the process of seeking, setbacks and development is that it insists on emancipating the mind, seeking truth from facts, keeping pace with the times, seeking truth and pragmatism, and combining the basic principles of Marxism with China's specific reality, and with the excellent traditional Chinese culture. Adhering to practice is the only criterion for testing truth, We should proceed from reality, answer the questions of the times and the people in a timely manner, and constantly promote the modernization of Marxism in China. As long as we have the courage to combine new practice and continue to promote theoretical innovation, and are good at guiding new practice with new theories, we will be able to make Marxism show a stronger and more persuasive force of truth in China.
（4） Adhere to independence. Independence is the soul of the spirit of the Chinese nation and an important principle for our party and country. To follow our own path is the historical conclusion of the Party's century-old struggle. The Party has always adhered to the independent development of the way forward, insisted on putting the development of the country and the nation on the basis of its own strength, and insisted that China's affairs must be decided and handled by the Chinese people themselves. In human history, no nation or country can achieve strength and revitalization by relying on external forces, copying foreign models and following others. The result of that is either inevitable failure or inevitable dependency of others. As long as we adhere to independence and self-reliance, learn from the beneficial experience of foreign countries with an open mind, and strengthen national pride and self-confidence, and do not believe in evil and fear pressure, we will be able to firmly hold the destiny of China's development and progress in our hands.
（5） Adhere to the Chinese road. The direction determines the road, and the road determines the fate. In its century-long struggle, the Party has always adhered to the national conditions of our country and explored and formed the correct path in line with China's reality. The path of socialism with Chinese characteristics is a broad road to create a better life for the people and realize the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. With our feet on the Chinese land, our heritage of Chinese civilization, and the right path in line with China's national conditions, the Party and the people will have an incomparably broad stage, an incomparably profound historical background, and an incomparably strong determination to advance. As long as we do not follow the old path of isolation and rigidity, nor the evil path of changing our flag, and unswervingly follow the path of socialism with Chinese characteristics, we will be able to build China into a prosperous, strong, democratic, civilized, harmonious and beautiful modern socialist power.
（6） Insist on the world. A just cause should be pursued for the common good. The Party has always paid attention to the future and destiny of mankind from the perspective of the world, correctly understood and handled the relationship with the outside world from the perspective of the general trend of human development, the general pattern of world change, and the great history of China's development, adhered to openness and non-closure, adhered to mutual benefit and win-win results, and did not engage in zero-sum games, adhered to upholding justice and justice, and stood on the right side of history and on the side of human progress. As long as we adhere to the path of peaceful development, develop ourselves through maintaining world peace, and maintain world peace through our own development, work hand in hand with all progressive forces in the world, do not rely on others, do not plunder others, and never seek hegemony, we will be able to continue to contribute wisdom and strength to the progress of human civilization, and work with the people of all countries in the world to promote the wheel of history towards a bright future.
（7） Adhere to pioneering and innovation. Innovation is an inexhaustible driving force for the development and progress of a country and a nation. The greater the cause, the more difficult and dangerous it is, the harder it needs to work, and the more it needs to develop and innovate. The Party led the people to cut through the thorns, search up and down, forge ahead, constantly promote theoretical innovation, practical innovation, institutional innovation, cultural innovation and other aspects of innovation, dare to be the first in the world, and walked out of the way that the predecessors did not, and any difficulties and obstacles could not stop the Party and the people from moving forward. As long as we comply with the trend of the times, respond to the demands of the people, have the courage to promote reform, accurately recognize change, respond to scientific changes, take the initiative to change, never ossify, never stagnate, we will be able to create more impressive wonders in the world.
（8） Insist and dare to fight. The courage to fight and win is an invincible spiritual force of the Party and the people. All the achievements of the Party and the people are not from the sky or from the gift of others, but through continuous struggle. The Party was born in the midst of domestic and foreign troubles, grew in the face of hardships, and grew in the face of difficulties. For the sake of the people, the country, the nation, and the ideals and beliefs, no matter how strong the enemy is, how difficult the road is, and how severe the challenges are, the Party will never fear, shrink back, be not afraid of victims, and be indomitable. As long as we grasp the historical characteristics of the new great struggle, seize and make good use of the historical opportunities, play the first game, fight the initiative, carry forward the spirit of struggle, strengthen the fighting skills, and gather the will and strength of the whole party and the people, we will be able to overcome all foreseeable and unpredictable risks and challenges.
（9） Adhere to the united front. Unity is strength. The establishment of the broadest united front is an important magic weapon for the Party to overcome the enemy, and also an important magic weapon for the Party to govern and prosper the country. The Party has always adhered to the principle of great unity and unity, united all forces that can be united, mobilized all positive factors that can be mobilized, and promoted the harmony of political party relations, ethnic relations, religious relations, class relations, and relations between compatriots at home and abroad, so as to maximize the strength of common struggle. As long as we continue to consolidate and develop the great unity of all ethnic groups, the great unity of the people of the whole country, the great unity of all the Chinese people, and the great unity of all the Chinese people, forge a strong sense of the Chinese national community, and form a vivid situation in which all the Chinese people at home and abroad are thinking and working together, we will be able to gather the great power to realize the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.
（10） Adhere to self-revolution. The CPC is distinguished from other political parties by its courage in self revolution. The self-revolutionary spirit is a strong support for the Party to maintain its youthful vitality. The advanced Marxist political party is not born, but refined in the process of continuous self-revolution. After a hundred years of vicissitudes, the Party has become more energetic. Its secret lies in persisting in the truth and correcting mistakes. The greatness of the Party lies not in not making mistakes, but in never avoiding medical treatment, actively carrying out criticism and self-criticism, daring to face problems directly, and daring to self-revolute. As long as we continue to eliminate all factors that damage the progressiveness and purity of the Party and all viruses that erode the health of the Party, we will be able to ensure that the Party does not deteriorate, change color, and maintain its flavor, and that the Party will always become a strong core of leadership in the historical process of adhering to and developing socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era.
The above ten aspects are valuable experience accumulated through long-term practice and spiritual wealth jointly created by the Party and the people, which must be cherished and persisted for a long time, and constantly enriched and developed in the practice of the new era.
7、 The CPC in the New Era
Never forget why you started, and your mission can be accomplished. The CPC is committed to the great cause of the Chinese nation for thousands of years. In the past 100 years, the Party has delivered an excellent answer to the people and history. Now, the Party has united and led the Chinese people to embark on a new road of catching up with the examination to achieve the second centenary goal. The times are the writers, we are the respondents, and the people are the readers. We must continue to do well in the exam and show new achievements in the new era and new journey.
The 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China made a strategic arrangement to achieve the second centenary goal in two stages. From 2020 to 2035, we will basically achieve socialist modernization, and from 2035 to the middle of this century, we will build China into a powerful socialist modernization country. At that time, China's material civilization, political civilization, spiritual civilization, social civilization and ecological civilization will be comprehensively improved, the modernization of the national governance system and capacity will be realized, and China will become a country with leading comprehensive national strength and international influence. The common prosperity of all people will be basically realized, and China's people will enjoy a happier and healthier life. The Chinese nation will stand tall in the forest of nations in the world with a more lofty attitude.
Today, we are closer, more confident and able to achieve the goal of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation than at any time in history. At the same time, the whole Party must be soberly aware that the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation can never be achieved easily and with the beating of drums and gongs. There are still various risks and challenges that can be expected and unpredictable on the way forward; We must be soberly aware that China is still in the primary stage of socialism and will remain the largest developing country in the world for a long time. The main social contradiction is the contradiction between the people's growing need for a better life and unbalanced and inadequate development. The whole party should keep in mind the fundamental question of what the CPC is and what it is going to do, grasp the general trend of historical development, firm its ideals and beliefs, keep in mind its original mission, always be modest and prudent, not arrogant and impetuous, and work hard, inspire the strength to forge ahead from the great victory, draw historical lessons from detours and setbacks, not be afraid of any risks, not be confused by any interference, and never make subversive mistakes on fundamental issues, We will work hard to achieve the set goals with perseverance and perseverance, and promote the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation with the sobriety of those who have traveled a hundred miles.
We must adhere to the Party's basic theory, basic line and basic strategy, strengthen the "four consciousness", strengthen the "four self-confidence", achieve the "two maintenance", adhere to the system concept, comprehensively promote the "five in one" overall layout, coordinate and promote the "four comprehensive" strategic layout, based on the new development stage, implement the new development concept, build a new development pattern, promote high-quality development, comprehensively deepen reform and opening up, and promote common prosperity, We will promote self-reliance in science and technology, develop people's democracy throughout the process, ensure that the people are the masters of the country, adhere to the comprehensive rule of law, adhere to the socialist core value system, adhere to safeguarding and improving people's livelihood in development, adhere to the harmonious coexistence of human and nature, coordinate development and security, accelerate the modernization of national defense and the military, and work together to promote people's prosperity, national prosperity, and China's beauty.
The whole Party must always maintain the flesh-and-blood ties with the people, stand firm in the people's position, adhere to the people's dominant position, respect the people's initiative, practice the people-centered development concept, safeguard social fairness and justice, strive to solve the problems of unbalanced and inadequate development and the urgent needs of the people, and constantly realize, safeguard and develop the fundamental interests of the overwhelming majority of the people, Unite and lead the people of all ethnic groups in the country to strive for a better life.
The whole party must bear in mind that it was born in hardship and died in peace, always with foresight and prepared for danger in times of peace, continue to promote the new great project of party building in the new era, adhere to the comprehensive and strict governance of the party, unswervingly promote the construction of a clean and honest party style and the fight against corruption, bravely face the long-term ruling test, the test of reform and opening up, the test of market economy, and the test of external environment that the party is facing, and resolutely overcome the danger of spiritual laxity and the risk of insufficient capacity The danger of being divorced from the masses and of being passive and corrupt. We must maintain the heroic spirit of moving forward with more difficulties and dangers, be brave and good at fighting, and build bridges in the face of mountains and rivers, so that we can not resist and overcome them, and promote the cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics to chop waves and forge ahead.
The development of the cause of the Party and the people needs generations of CPC to continue to struggle, and we must do a good job in the fundamental plan of having successors. We should constantly absorb advanced elements from all aspects, especially outstanding young people, into the Party, educate and guide young Party members to always take the Party's banner as the banner, the direction of the Party and the will of the Party as the will, continue the red blood of the Party, carry forward the Party's fine tradition, and survive the storm, see the world, strengthen their muscles and bones, and grow their talents in the struggle. We should continuously cultivate and cultivate outstanding talents who are patriotic, dedicated and innovative, sincerely love, nurture and use talents carefully, and gather talents from all aspects into the great struggle of the Party and the people.
We will make unremitting efforts to achieve the second centenary goal and realize the Chinese dream of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. We firmly believe that the CPC and the Chinese people, who have won great victory and glory in the past 100 years, will win even greater victory and glory in the new era and on the new journey!
(Xinhua News Agency, Beijing, November 16)
People's Daily (1st edition, November 17, 2021)